Alexandra Cousido-Siah

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Recent efforts to identify treatments for myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury have resulted in the discovery of a novel series of highly potent α,α-disubstituted amino acid-based arginase inhibitors. The lead candidate, (R)-2-amino-6-borono-2-(2-(piperidin-1-yl)ethyl)hexanoic acid, compound 9, inhibits human arginases I and II with IC50s of 223 and 509(More)
The human enzymes aldose reductase (AR) and AKR1B10 have been thoroughly explored in terms of their roles in diabetes, inflammatory disorders, and cancer. In this study we identified two new lead compounds, 2-(3-(4-chloro-3-nitrobenzyl)-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydropyrimidin-1(2H)-yl)acetic acid (JF0048, 3) and(More)
The p53 pro-apoptotic tumour suppressor is mutated or functionally altered in most cancers. In epithelial tumours induced by 'high-risk' mucosal human papilloma viruses, including human cervical carcinoma and a growing number of head-and-neck cancers, p53 is degraded by the viral oncoprotein E6 (ref. 2). In this process, E6 binds to a short leucine (L)-rich(More)
Aldo-keto reductases (AKRs) are mostly monomeric enzymes which fold into a highly conserved (α/β)8 barrel, while their substrate specificity and inhibitor selectivity are determined by interaction with residues located in three highly variable external loops. The closely related human enzymes aldose reductase (AR or AKR1B1) and AKR1B10 are of biomedical(More)
A long-standing pathomechanistic model proposes that the polyglutamine (polyQ)-length-dependent toxicity threshold observed in all polyQ diseases is triggered by a conformational change within the monomer that occurs only above a certain polyQ length. If true, this yet undefined and elusive mutant-specific toxic conformation would constitute a direct(More)
The Ugi reaction has been successfully applied to the synthesis of novel arginase inhibitors. In an effort to decrease conformational flexibility of the previously reported series of 2-amino-6-boronohexanoic acid (ABH) analogs 1, we designed and synthesized a series of compounds, 2, in which a piperidine ring is linked directly to a quaternary amino acid(More)
Adaptation of life to low temperatures influences both protein stability and flexibility. Thus, proteins from psychrophilic organisms are excellent models to study relations between these properties. Here we focused on frataxin from Psychromonas ingrahamii (pFXN), an extreme psychrophilic sea ice bacterium that can grow at temperatures as low as -12°C. This(More)
Overall and site-specific X-ray-induced damage to porcine pancreatic elastase was studied at atomic resolution at temperatures of 100 and 15 K. The experiments confirmed that irradiation causes small movements of protein domains and bound water molecules in protein crystals. These structural changes occur not only at 100 K but also at temperatures as low as(More)
Chitotriosidase (CHIT1) is a human chitinase belonging to the highly conserved glycosyl hydrolase family 18 (GH18). GH18 enzymes hydrolyze chitin, an N-acetylglucosamine polymer synthesized by lower organisms for structural purposes. Recently, CHIT1 has attracted attention owing to its upregulation in immune-system disorders and as a marker of Gaucher(More)
The effect of halogen-to-hydrogen bond substitution on the binding energetics and biological activity of a human aldose reductase inhibitor has been studied using X-ray crystallography, IC50 measurements, advanced binding free energy calculations, and simulations. The replacement of Br or I atoms by an amine (NH2) group has not induced changes in the(More)