Alexandra Carter

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Reproductive success in mammals involves coordinated changes in the immune and cardiovascular as well as in the neuroendocrine and reproductive systems. This review addresses studies that identify potential links for NK cells and T cells with the local and systemic cardiovascular adaptations of pregnancy. The studies reviewed have utilized(More)
We examined the West Nile virus (WNV)-specific T cell response in a cohort of 52 patients with symptomatic WNV infections, including neuroinvasive and non-invasive disease. Although all virus proteins were shown to contain T cell epitopes, certain proteins, such as E, were more commonly targeted by the T cell response. Most patients exhibited reactivity(More)
Angiotensin II receptor type 1 (AT1) activation leads to vasoconstriction and type 2 receptor (AT2) leads to vasodilation. Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) antagonizes the effects of AT1. In human and murine pregnancies, uterine natural killer (uNK) cells closely associate with decidual blood vessels. Protein localization of AT1, AT2, and ANP to mouse uNK(More)
Macaque monkeys are frequently used in models for studies of infectious diseases, immunity, transplantation and vaccine development. Such use is largely due to the conservation of functionally important cell surface molecules and the phylogenetic proximity of their immune systems to that of humans. Some monoclonal antibodies (mAb) raised against human(More)
OBJECTIVE Wingless-type mouse mammary tumor virus integration site family, member 5A (WNT5A), is expressed in mouse decidua and is thought to play an important role in decidualization. We examined expression of the receptor for WNT5A, receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2 (ROR2), in the uteri of cycling and pregnant mice. STUDY DESIGN Reverse(More)
The pathophysiology of gestational hypertensive disorders is incompletely defined. T lymphocytes are implicated. Both T and natural killer (NK) cells express RAS and, in implantation sites, NK cells are highly enriched. We hypothesized that T cells and/or NK cells contribute to circulatory control during pregnancy. Using radiotelemetry of arterial pressure,(More)
OBJECTIVES The effect of cryotherapy on joint positioning presents conflicting debates as to whether individuals are at an increased risk of injury when returning to play or activity immediately following cryotherapy application at the knee. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a 20 min application of crushed ice at the knee immediately affects(More)
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