Alexandra C Gruber

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Many endoparasitic wasps inject, along with the egg, polydnavirus into their insect hosts, the virus being a prerequisite for successful parasitoid development. The genome of polydnaviruses consists of multiple circular dsDNA molecules of variable size. We show for a 12 kbp segment of the braconid Chelonus inanitus (CiV12) that it is integrated into the(More)
Ultrastructural analysis of the polydnavirus of the braconid wasp Chelonus inanitus revealed that virions consist of one cylindrical nucleocapsid enveloped by a single unit membrane. Nucleocapsids have a constant diameter of 33.7 +/- 1.4 nm and a variable length of between 8 and 46 nm. Spreading of viral DNA showed that the genome consists of circular dsDNA(More)
This article demonstrates that human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp120 amplifies the activity of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), a cytokine that stimulates HIV-1 replication through activation of NF-kappa B. In CD4-positive Jurkat cells, gp120 potentiates TNF-induced NF-kappa B activation. TNF-mediated activation of NF-kappa B is known to(More)
The parasitoid Chelonus inanitus (Braconidae, Hymenoptera) oviposits into eggs of Spodoptera littoralis (Noctuidae, Lepidoptera) and, along with the egg, also injects polydnaviruses and venom, which are prerequisites for successful parasitoid development. The parasitoid larva develops within the embryonic and larval stages of the host, which enters(More)
In addition to a previously described histone (H)-encoding H4 gene [Meier et al., Nucleic Acids Res. 17 (1989) 795], the mouse genomic DNA clone 53 contains two H3 genes, one functional and one partially deleted H2A gene, and one H2B gene. Clone 53 overlaps for 3 kb with MH143, another previously isolated mouse H-encoding clone [Yang et al., J. Biol. Chem.(More)
Resveratrol is a naturally occurring anticancer compound present in grapes and wine with antiproliferative properties against breast cancer cells and xenografts. Our objective was to investigate the metabolic alterations that characterize the effects of resveratrol in the human breast cancer cell lines MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 using high-throughput liquid(More)
The globin gene family of Xenopus laevis comprises pairs of closely related genes that are arranged in two clusters, each pair of genes being co-ordinately and stage-specifically expressed. To get information on putative regulatory elements, we compared the DNA sequences and the chromatin conformation 5' to the co-ordinately expressed adult alpha-globin(More)
Three U7 RNA-related sequences were isolated from mouse genomic DNA libraries. Only one of the sequences completely matches the published mouse U7 RNA sequence, whereas the other two apparently represent pseudogenes. The matching sequence represents a functional gene, as it is expressed after microinjection into Xenopus laevis oocytes. Sequence variations(More)
To contribute knowledge of the processing and activation of invertebrate proteolytic enzymes, we studied the metalloprotease astacin, a digestive enzyme from the freshwater crayfish Astacus astacus (decapod crustacean). It is the prototype of the protein family of astacins, members of which occur in organisms from bacteria to man and are involved in a(More)