Learn More
Resveratrol, a polyphenol in red wine, has been reported as a calorie restriction mimetic with potential antiaging and antidiabetogenic properties. It is widely consumed as a nutritional supplement, but its mechanism of action remains a mystery. Here, we report that the metabolic effects of resveratrol result from competitive inhibition of cAMP-degrading(More)
OBJECTIVES To further validate the safety and diagnostic accuracy of percutaneous core biopsy in small renal masses ([SRMs]≤4 cm) in response to the rising prevalence of renal 'incidentalomas'. To determine the value of percutaneous core biopsy in its ability to influence the choice of intervention or surveillance for the management of SRMs. PATIENTS AND(More)
Mutations in the BRCA1 (ref. 1) tumour suppressor gene are found in almost all of the families with inherited breast and ovarian cancers and about half of the families with only breast cancer. Although the biochemical function of BRCA1 is not well understood, it is important for DNA damage repair and cell-cycle checkpoint. BRCA1 exists in nuclear foci but(More)
Checkpoints maintain the order and fidelity of the eukaryotic cell cycle, and defects in checkpoints contribute to genetic instability and cancer. Much of our current understanding of checkpoints comes from genetic studies conducted in yeast. In the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Sp), SpRad3 is an essential component of both the DNA damage and DNA(More)
Insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II) is present at high levels in fetal and early neonatal rat plasma, and decreases profoundly following birth. In the present study, the levels of IGF-II RNA in different rat tissues at different ages were determined by hybridization to a rat IGF-II cDNA probe. IGF-II RNA was present in 11 of 13 fetal or neonatal tissues(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II), the predominant form of IGF in fetal and neonatal serum and tissues, is found in vivo complexed with IGF-binding proteins. One of these binding proteins, IGFBP-2, is present at high levels in fetal rat plasma and binds both IGF-I and IGF-II with high affinity. We here have used in situ hybridization to compare the(More)
A new member of the ras genes superfamily was isolated from a cDNA library derived from a rat liver cell line (BRL-3A). The predicted 201 amino acids ras-like protein shows 30-35% homology with other members of the ras and ras-related gene products so far described. Conserved features include the GTP-binding and hydrolysis domains and the carboxyl terminal(More)
Insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II) is a mitogenic polypeptide that is thought to play a role in fetal growth and development. To study the hormonal and developmental regulation of IGF-II gene expression, we have isolated a cDNA clone for rat IGF-II (rIGF-II) from a 12S [1.2-kilobase-pair (kbp)] fraction of mRNA from a rat liver cell line (BRL-3A) that(More)