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OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that semantic impairment is present in both patients with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and those with dementia of Alzheimer's type (DAT). METHODS A comprehensive battery of neuropsychological tasks designed to assess semantic memory, visuoperceptual function, verbal fluency, and recognition memory was given to groups of(More)
Using magnetic resonance imaging of the brain, we examined volumetric measurements of total brain, hemispheres, lateral ventricles and the hippocampus/amygdala complex in male subjects (41 first-episode schizophrenics, 30 chronic schizophrenic patients and 32 healthy controls). We found significantly smaller total brain size in the chronic schizophrenic(More)
BACKGROUND About 50% of alcoholic patients relapse within 3 months of treatment. Previous studies have suggested that acamprosate may help to prevent such relapse. The aim of our study was to assess the efficacy and safety of long-term acamprosate treatment in alcohol dependence. METHODS In this multicentre, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, we(More)
In this longitudinal study we compared brain volume changes in first- and multiple-episode patients with schizophrenia to normal aging changes observed in healthy control subjects scanned at comparable times. Two to four years after an initial examination including MRI volumetry, we followed up 21 first episode patients, 17 patients after multiple episodes(More)
We here report on a psychotic mother and her breast-fed infant who was treated with olanzapine. Consecutively olanzapine concentrations in the milk and plasma of the mother and in the infant were measured with tandem mass spectroscopy over a period of five month. The results show a relatively high plasma level in the infant aged four month, probably(More)
A sample of 171 patients taking benzodiazepines (BZDs) who had been investigated in 1988 was followed up in 1991. From 140 patients who were still alive and willing to participate, 25% had stopped BZDs after an average duration of intake of 34 months. Of the 105 persons still taking a BZD, 37% were taking the same dose, 26% had reduced the dose and 37% had(More)
We present the case of a breast-feeding woman with acute psychotic symptoms after delivery, which were treated with the antipsychotic agent risperidone. Serum levels of risperidone and 9-hydroxyrisperidone could be detected in both the mother and her infant. Drug-levels in breast milk were ten-fold lower compared to maternal serum. The patient responded(More)
T-cell subsets (CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, NK-cells) and the CD4+/CD8+ ratio were measured in 56 schizophrenic patients admitted to hospital with an acute psychosis. Thirty-five patients with chronic schizophrenia and 21 drug-naive first episode schizophrenic patients were compared with 16 healthy controls. T-cell subsets were quantified in the acute state of the(More)
The pathophysiology of alcohol withdrawal is complex and still not fully understood in spite of intensive research. The variety of different theories accounts for the fact that at least 150 different drugs and drug combinations have been reported to be useful in the treatment of the alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS; Walinder and Svenson, 1989).(More)
The phenylpiperidine derivative paroxetine is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor. In a double-blind 6-week trial, paroxetine was compared with amitriptyline in hospitalized patients suffering from major depression (DSM-III). One hundred fifty-three patients were enrolled in the study in seven centers in Austria and Germany. Results showed similar(More)