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BACKGROUND About 50% of alcoholic patients relapse within 3 months of treatment. Previous studies have suggested that acamprosate may help to prevent such relapse. The aim of our study was to assess the efficacy and safety of long-term acamprosate treatment in alcohol dependence. METHODS In this multicentre, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, we(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that semantic impairment is present in both patients with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and those with dementia of Alzheimer's type (DAT). METHODS A comprehensive battery of neuropsychological tasks designed to assess semantic memory, visuoperceptual function, verbal fluency, and recognition memory was given to groups of(More)
In this review we investigate whether sex differences exist for side effects of second-generation antipsychotics. Results are based on a MEDLINE search for the years 1974 through 2005. Even if pharmacokinetics differ between females and males, significantly higher plasma levels for women have been demonstrated only for olanzapine and clozapine.(More)
Using magnetic resonance imaging of the brain, we examined volumetric measurements of total brain, hemispheres, lateral ventricles and the hippocampus/amygdala complex in male subjects (41 first-episode schizophrenics, 30 chronic schizophrenic patients and 32 healthy controls). We found significantly smaller total brain size in the chronic schizophrenic(More)
In this longitudinal study we compared brain volume changes in first- and multiple-episode patients with schizophrenia to normal aging changes observed in healthy control subjects scanned at comparable times. Two to four years after an initial examination including MRI volumetry, we followed up 21 first episode patients, 17 patients after multiple episodes(More)
The side effects of antipsychotic drugs have always been a major concern for clinicians and the appreciation of their importance in the treatment of schizophrenia has increased steadily over the years. Epidemiological studies as well as trials of the prevention and treatment of antipsychotic side effects are the consequences of this development. Results of(More)
T-cell subsets (CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, NK-cells) and the CD4+/CD8+ ratio were measured in 56 schizophrenic patients admitted to hospital with an acute psychosis. Thirty-five patients with chronic schizophrenia and 21 drug-naive first episode schizophrenic patients were compared with 16 healthy controls. T-cell subsets were quantified in the acute state of the(More)
We present the case of a breast-feeding woman with acute psychotic symptoms after delivery, which were treated with the antipsychotic agent risperidone. Serum levels of risperidone and 9-hydroxyrisperidone could be detected in both the mother and her infant. Drug-levels in breast milk were ten-fold lower compared to maternal serum. The patient responded(More)
The use of more than 130 drugs and drug combinations against the alcohol withdrawal syndrome reflects the fact that views on its treatment are far from being unequivocal. Benzodiazepines are the first choice treatment but it should not be disregarded that they have side effects and, above all, a varying risk of dependency themselves. In recent years many(More)