Alexandra B Shintyapina

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Kainate-type glutamate receptors (KARs) are highly expressed in the developing brain, where they are tonically activated to modulate synaptic transmission, network excitability and synaptogenesis. NETO proteins are auxiliary subunits that regulate biophysical properties of KARs; however, their functions in the immature brain are not known. Here, we show(More)
It is known that betulinic acid is an experimental antineoplastic agent that induces apoptosis in melanoma cells in vitro and in vivo [5], exhibiting a weak toxicity with respect to normal cells [6]. Similar results were obtained when the effect of betulinic acid on neuroectodermal and epithelial tumor cells was studied in vitro [7, 8]. Recent study on the(More)
Kainate type of glutamate receptors (KARs) are highly expressed during early brain development and may influence refinement of the circuitry, via modulating synaptic transmission and plasticity. KARs are also localized to axons, however, their exact roles in regulating presynaptic processes remain controversial. Here, we have used a microfluidic chamber(More)
The study examined dynamics of the effect of novel phenol antioxidant preparation 3-(3’-tertbutyl- 4’-hydroxyphenyl)propyl thiosulfonate sodium (TS-13) on expression of antioxidant protection enzymes genes GSTP1 and NQO1 and on the content of protein transcription factors NF-κB and ATF-2 in mouse liver. Expression of GSTP1 gene decreased significantly on(More)
Derivatives of the available plant triterpenes glycyrrhetic acid and betulin (betulin succinates and amides of betulonic and 18β-glycyrrhetic acids containing fragments of long-chain amino acids and a peptide) were synthesized. The inhibitory action of these compounds on the growth of MT-4, MOLT-4, CEM, and Hep G2 tumor cells and their effect on the(More)
Tert-butylhydroquinone (tBHQ) is a highly effective phenolic antioxidant used in edible oils and fats in foods as well as in medicines and cosmetics. TBHQ has been shown to have both chemoprotective and carcinogenic effects. Furthermore, it has potential anti-inflammatory, antiatherogenic, and neuroprotective activities. TBHQ induces phase II detoxification(More)
We determined the frequencies of null mutations of the FLG gene--2282del4, R501X, R2447X, 3702delG, S3247X, and the 12-repeat allele (rs12730241)--among 460 Caucasians of the city of Novosibirsk, Russia. The frequency was 17.7% for rs12730241, 2.73% for 2282del4, 0.22% for R501X, 0.33% for R2447X, and 0% for 3702delG and S3247X in a western Siberian(More)
OBJECTIVES We evaluated the hypolipidaemic effect of mannan Candida albicans serotype A, relative to atorvastatin, in a mouse model of hyperlipidaemia. METHODS Mannan serotype A was investigated in vitro and in vivo to determine its effects on macrophage proliferation, nitric oxide (NO) production by cultured macrophages, serum and liver lipids, changes(More)
Activity and levels of protein and mRNA of 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA reductase were estimated in rat liver after the administration of atorvastatin and simvastatin and their complexes with glycyrrhizic acid (atorvaglyzin and simvaglyzin). The amount of 3-hydroxy- 3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA reductase protein in rats decreased by 13 and 25% (p < 0.05) 24 h(More)
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