Learn More
Apoptosis plays a role in the elimination of DNA-damaged cells thus protecting the host from cancer development. Some data indicate that normal variations within the sequence of apoptotic genes may lead to suboptimal apoptotic capacity and therefore increased cancer risk. We tested 19 coding apoptotic gene SNPs in 2-stage molecular epidemiological study.(More)
The gene for Nijmegen chromosomal breakage syndrome (NBS1) plays a role in a variety of processes protecting chromosomal stability. Recently, it was suggested in a Polish case-control study that the founder hypomorphic mutation in NBS1, 657del5, which occurs in approximately 0.5% of Slavic subjects, may be associated with an increased risk of breast cancer(More)
The BLM gene belongs to the RecQ helicase family and has been implicated in the maintenance of genomic stability. Its homozygous germline inactivation causes Bloom syndrome, a severe genetic disorder characterized by growth retardation, impaired fertility and highly elevated cancer risk. We hypothesized that BLM is a candidate gene for breast cancer (BC)(More)
This study was aimed to assess the role of CHEK2 1100delC mutation in breast cancer (BC) predisposition in Russia. The 1100delC allele was detected in 14/660 (2.1%) unilateral BC cases and in 8/155 (5.2%) patients with the bilateral form of the disease, but only in 1/448 (0.2%) middle-aged control females and in none of 373 elderly tumor-free women. The(More)
BACKGROUND Although the molecular analysis of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) in archived lung cancer tissues is relatively well established, the genetic testing of cytological material has not yet become a routine. METHODS The current study used cell samples that were obtained by bronchial brushing,(More)
BACKGROUND Several Asian studies demonstrated feasibility of front-line administration of gefitinib for the treatment of non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLCs) harboring intragenic epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations. The experience of the use of this EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) in non-Asian subjects remains limited. PATIENTS AND(More)
Our previous studies, which included genotyping of multiple coding apoptotic gene polymorphisms, unexpectedly demonstrated a depletion of heterozygous CASP5 Ala90Thr (rs507879, c.268 G>A) genotypes in elderly subjects. Present investigation was aimed to validate this trend. An analysis of 510 subjects aged 75-103years revealed 205 (40%) CASP5 Ala90Thr(More)
BRCA1 5382insC variant was repeatedly detected in Jewish breast cancer (BC) families residing in USA and Israel as well as in non-Jewish familial BC patients from Poland, Latvia, Hungary, Russia and some other European countries. However, the distribution of BRCA1 5382insC mutation in unselected BC cases vs. controls has been systematically investigated(More)
Bilateral breast cancer (biBC) is a common form of breast cancer; however, it has not been subjected to systematic comparative genetic studies. We allelotyped 28 biBCs on 14 chromosomal arms, addressing 2 lines of questions: (i) does comparison of genetic profiles disclose contralateral metastases misdiagnosed as second primaries? and (ii) do shared(More)
Previous studies indicate that founder mutations may play a noticeable role in breast cancer (BC) predisposition in Russia. Here we performed a systematic analysis of eight recurrent mutations in 302 BC cases (St.-Petersburg, Russia), which were selected due to the presence of clinical indicators of hereditary disease (bilaterality and/or early onset (< or(More)