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Apoptosis plays a role in the elimination of DNA-damaged cells thus protecting the host from cancer development. Some data indicate that normal variations within the sequence of apoptotic genes may lead to suboptimal apoptotic capacity and therefore increased cancer risk. We tested 19 coding apoptotic gene SNPs in 2-stage molecular epidemiological study.(More)
The gene for Nijmegen chromosomal breakage syndrome (NBS1) plays a role in a variety of processes protecting chromosomal stability. Recently, it was suggested in a Polish case-control study that the founder hypomorphic mutation in NBS1, 657del5, which occurs in approximately 0.5% of Slavic subjects, may be associated with an increased risk of breast cancer(More)
The CYP19 gene encodes the enzyme aromatase, which plays a key role in the conversion of androgens to oestrogens. A polymorphism in CYP19 in intron 4 (TTTA)n has been reported to be associated with breast cancer (BC) risk, although conflicting evidence has also been published. Here, we employ a non-traditional, highly demonstrative design of a molecular(More)
The CYP17 gene encodes an enzyme involved in several critical steps of steroidogenesis. The promoter region of the CYP17 displays a single-nucleotide polymorphism, which is suspected to modulate the expression of the gene and thus may contribute in the interindividual variations of hormonal background. In agreement with this functional hypothesis, the(More)
L-MYC and GSTM1 genotypes were analysed in glioma patients (GP) and healthy donors (HD). None of these genes appeared to influence the risk of this disease, however both polymorphisms correlated with unfavourable clinical parameters of gliomas. In particular, S allele of the L-MYC was overrepresented in the relapsed patients (P < 0.05), and GSTM1-null(More)
The BLM gene belongs to the RecQ helicase family and has been implicated in the maintenance of genomic stability. Its homozygous germline inactivation causes Bloom syndrome, a severe genetic disorder characterized by growth retardation, impaired fertility and highly elevated cancer risk. We hypothesized that BLM is a candidate gene for breast cancer (BC)(More)
BRCA1 5382insC variant was repeatedly detected in Jewish breast cancer (BC) families residing in USA and Israel as well as in non-Jewish familial BC patients from Poland, Latvia, Hungary, Russia and some other European countries. However, the distribution of BRCA1 5382insC mutation in unselected BC cases vs. controls has been systematically investigated(More)
This study was aimed to assess the role of CHEK2 1100delC mutation in breast cancer (BC) predisposition in Russia. The 1100delC allele was detected in 14/660 (2.1%) unilateral BC cases and in 8/155 (5.2%) patients with the bilateral form of the disease, but only in 1/448 (0.2%) middle-aged control females and in none of 373 elderly tumor-free women. The(More)
Previous studies indicate that founder mutations may play a noticeable role in breast cancer (BC) predisposition in Russia. Here we performed a systematic analysis of eight recurrent mutations in 302 BC cases (St.-Petersburg, Russia), which were selected due to the presence of clinical indicators of hereditary disease (bilaterality and/or early onset (≤40(More)