Alexandr V. Togo

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Previous studies indicate that founder mutations may play a noticeable role in breast cancer (BC) predisposition in Russia. Here we performed a systematic analysis of eight recurrent mutations in 302 BC cases (St.-Petersburg, Russia), which were selected due to the presence of clinical indicators of hereditary disease (bilaterality and/or early onset (≤40(More)
The BLM gene belongs to the RecQ helicase family and has been implicated in the maintenance of genomic stability. Its homozygous germline inactivation causes Bloom syndrome, a severe genetic disorder characterized by growth retardation, impaired fertility and highly elevated cancer risk. We hypothesized that BLM is a candidate gene for breast cancer (BC)(More)
This study was aimed to assess the role of CHEK2 1100delC mutation in breast cancer (BC) predisposition in Russia. The 1100delC allele was detected in 14/660 (2.1%) unilateral BC cases and in 8/155 (5.2%) patients with the bilateral form of the disease, but only in 1/448 (0.2%) middle-aged control females and in none of 373 elderly tumor-free women. The(More)
BRCA1 5382insC variant was repeatedly detected in Jewish breast cancer (BC) families residing in USA and Israel as well as in non-Jewish familial BC patients from Poland, Latvia, Hungary, Russia and some other European countries. However, the distribution of BRCA1 5382insC mutation in unselected BC cases vs. controls has been systematically investigated(More)
Bilateral breast cancer (biBC) is a common form of breast cancer; however, it has not been subjected to systematic comparative genetic studies. We allelotyped 28 biBCs on 14 chromosomal arms, addressing 2 lines of questions: (i) does comparison of genetic profiles disclose contralateral metastases misdiagnosed as second primaries? and (ii) do shared(More)
The gene for Nijmegen chromosomal breakage syndrome (NBS1) plays a role in a variety of processes protecting chromosomal stability. Recently, it was suggested in a Polish case-control study that the founder hypomorphic mutation in NBS1, 657del5, which occurs in approximately 0.5% of Slavic subjects, may be associated with an increased risk of breast cancer(More)
Initiation and/or promotion of endometrial cancer is known to be associated with estrogen and androgen (androstenedione) excess as well as with hyperinsulinemia/insulin resistance. It is possible that some allelic polymorphisms of the genes involved in steroidogenesis or steroid metabolism contribute to endometrial cancer susceptibility. We evaluated here(More)
Tissue transglutaminase (tTG) is known to participate in multiple cellular processes, including apoptosis, cellular adhesiveness etc. Alterations of tTG expression could contribute to the development of several categories of diseases, including AIDS, cancer etc. The aim of the study was to test the pattern and relevance of tTG expression in a subset of(More)