Alexander Volosov

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Oxcarbazepine is a new antiepileptic drug which in humans acts as a prodrug to its central nervous system-active metabolite 10-hydroxycarbazepine. Because 10-hydroxycarbazepine is a chiral molecule, the objective of the study was to perform a stereoselective pharmacokinetic analysis of 10-hydroxycarbazepine in humans. METHODS The(More)
The active entity of the new antiepileptic drug, oxcarbazepine (OXC), is 10-hydroxycarbazepine (MHD). In humans, OXC undergoes rapid presystemic (first-pass) metabolic reduction to MHD. MHD is a chiral molecule with an asymmetric carbon at position 10. Previous reports have shown that in humans, the first-pass metabolic reduction of OXC into MHD is(More)
While the three classical pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters, AUC, Cmax and tmax are adequate to assess bioequivalence of immediate release (IR) formulations, they are not designed to fully characterize the pharmacokinetic (PK) performance of controlled release (CR) formulations and provide only limited insight into the function of carbamazepine (CBZ) CR(More)
An enantioselective HPLC method for the simultaneous determination of the concentration of the enantiomers of the oxcarbazepine metabolites 10-hydroxycarbazepine (MHD) and carbamazepine-10,11-trans-dihydrodiol (DHD) in human urine is described. The method is based on extraction with tert.-butylmethyl ether-dichloromethane (2:1, v/v) under alkaline(More)
PURPOSE 10-hydroxycarbazepine (MHD) is the active metabolite of the new antiepileptic drug oxcarbazepine. MHD is a chiral molecule with an asymmetric carbon at position 10. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the stereoselectivity in the pharmacokinetics of the enantiomers of MHD after oral administration of the individual MHD enantiomers and the(More)
PURPOSE The goal of this study was to develop a new method, based on robust pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters, for determining t(max) (time of peak plasma concentration) and the magnitude of difference between the absorption (k(a)) and elimination (k) rate constants in the one compartment body model with first order input and output. METHODS The function(More)
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