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OBJECTIVE The most difficult thyroid tumors to be diagnosed by cytology and histology are conventional follicular carcinomas (cFTCs) and oncocytic follicular carcinomas (oFTCs). Several microRNAs (miRNAs) have been previously found to be consistently deregulated in papillary thyroid carcinomas; however, very limited information is available for cFTC and(More)
We investigated the proliferative capacity of renal proximal tubular cells in healthy rats. Previously, we observed that tubular cells originate from differentiated cells. We now found 1) by application of bromo-deoxyuridine (BrdU) for 14 days and costaining for BrdU, and the G(1)-phase marker cyclin D1 that the bulk of cells in the S3 segment of juvenile(More)
Tubulo-interstitial fibrosis is a constant feature of chronic renal failure and it is suspected to contribute importantly to the deterioration of renal function. In the fibrotic kidney there exists, besides normal fibroblasts, a large population of myofibroblasts, which are supposedly responsible for the increased production of intercellular matrix. It has(More)
We searched for evidence for a contribution of stem cells in growth of the proximal S3 segments of healthy rats. According to the stem cell model, stem cells are undifferentiated and slow cycling; the bulk of cycling cells are transit amplifying, rapidly cycling cells. We show the following. 1) By continuous application of a thymidine analog (ThA) for 7(More)
We searched for morphological evidence to support the hypothesis that stem cells are responsible for renal tubular cell proliferation. The rationale of the study was that if proliferation relies on progenitors, mitotically active cells should be less differentiated than their neighbors. As the retention of the thymidine analog BrdU has been the only(More)
We studied 38 patients with malaria tropica over a period of 5 days during antiparasitic therapy. Serum or plasma levels of interleukin (IL) 1beta, IL-6, IL-10, tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), the soluble vascular adhesion molecule (sVCAM) and the soluble intracellular adhesion molecule (sICAM) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.(More)
The efficacy of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors is currently tested in patients affected by autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. Treatment with mTOR inhibitors has been associated with numerous side effects. However, the renal-specific effect of mTOR inhibitor treatment cessation in polycystic kidney disease is currently unknown.(More)
UNLABELLED To determine whether metastasis to brain is associated with altered expression patterns of integrins, we investigated the expression of αvβ3, αvβ5, αvβ6 and αvβ8 integrins in primary malignancies and metastases to brain of breast, lung and renal carcinomas and in malignant melanoma. Inhibitors of αv integrins are currently in clinical trials for(More)
AIM Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is characterized by an imbalance between tubular epithelial cell proliferation and apoptosis. We have previously shown that the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signalling pathway is aberrantly activated in the cystic kidneys of Han:SPRD rats with ADPKD. Because the Akt kinase is an upstream(More)
During a study on the mTor pathway in the rat kidney we observed a striking increase of the phosphorylation of the S6 kinase in mitosis. In cryostat sections of perfusion-fixed tissue mitotic cells appeared as bright spots in immunofluorescence using an antibody specific for the phosphorylation site Thr421/Ser424. They were easily spotted in overviews with(More)