Alexander Villanueva

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BACKGROUND Allograft rejection that occurs after renal transplants is identified by surveillance biopsies or by abnormal laboratory and/or hemodynamic data. The latter are insensitive markers of rejection that may not appear until significant histologic damage has already occurred. Therefore, a sensitive and specific non-invasive method of detecting early(More)
Two patients with 47,XXX karyotypes and premature ovarian failure are described. Both presented with episodes of amenorrhea, elevated levels of circulating follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone, and decreased estrogen concentrations. However, evidence of follicular activity existed in both cases. Why some women with 47,XXX karyotypes suffer(More)
Because we previously found increased basal serum cortisol levels in women runners, we examined adrenocortical function in amenorrheic running women (AR), eumenorrheic running women (R), and normal nonexercising women (NC) in further detail. Mean 24-h urinary cortisol levels were significantly elevated (P less than 0.001) in six AR [45.1 +/- 7.2 (+/- SEM)(More)
Of the two homologous forms of glutamic acid decarboxylase, GAD65 and GAD67, only GAD65 is a common target of autoimmunity. Epitope profiles of autoantibodies to GAD65 (GADA) in 140 type 1 diabetes, adult-onset diabetes mellitus (AODM), and thyroid diseases (TD) were studied. Probes were GAD65, GAD65/67 hybrids (displaying separately GAD65 residues 1-95,(More)
Although pubertal development is unusual in 46,XY gonadal dysgenesis, it may occur in association with gonadal tumors. The authors report a case of 46,XY gonadal dysgenesis in a 17-year-old girl remarkable for H-Y+ phenotype and bilateral gonadoblastomas accompanied by dysgerminomatous change and nearly complete female secondary sex development.(More)
Most insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus patients gen-erate conformational autoantibodies to the islet-cell 65-kDa variant of human glutamate decarboxylase (GAD65), and several immunochemical tests for the early detection of type-1 diabetes rely on GAD65 antibody (GADA) assessment using properly folded recombinant GAD65 as the antigen. In addition,(More)
A case of 21-hydroxylase deficiency diagnosed and first treated at the age of 3 years is presented. Although pubertal development was delayed, full reproductive function was attained, with menses occurring at 14-33-day intervals. Infertility evaluation at age 20 revealed elevated 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17Po) and androgen concentrations and reduced luteal(More)
To evaluate the effects of changing steroid milieu on adrenocortical function, basal levels and responses of cortisol, 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17PO), androstenedione (A), dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), and testosterone to exogenous synthetic ACTH were investigated in six normal women during the early follicular (EF) and midluteal (ML) phases of the(More)
Irreversible electroporation is a fast-growing liver ablation technique. Although safety has been well documented in small ablations, our aim is to assess its safety and feasibility when a large portion of liver is ablated. Eighty-seven mice were subjected to high voltage pulses directly delivered across parallel plate electrodes comprising around 40% of(More)