Alexander Vallmitjana

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RATIONALE Phospholamban (PLN) is an inhibitor of cardiac sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca²⁺ ATPase. PLN knockout (PLN-KO) enhances sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca²⁺ load and Ca²⁺ leak. Conversely, PLN-KO accelerates Ca²⁺ sequestration and aborts arrhythmogenic spontaneous Ca²⁺ waves (SCWs). An important question is whether these seemingly paradoxical effects of(More)
The damaging effects of high plasma levels of cholesterol in the cardiovascular system are widely known, but little attention has been paid to direct effects on cardiomyocyte function. We therefore aimed at testing the hypothesis that Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol affects calcium dynamics and signal propagation in cultured atrial myocytes. For(More)
AIMS Ageing-related cardiac disorders such as heart failure and atrial fibrillation often present with intracellular calcium homeostasis dysfunction. However, knowledge of the intrinsic effects of ageing on cellular calcium handling in the human heart is sparse. Therefore, this study aimed to analyse how ageing affects key mechanisms that regulate(More)
Beat-to-beat alternations in the amplitude of the cytosolic Ca2+ transient (Ca2+ alternans) are thought to be the primary cause of cardiac alternans that can lead to cardiac arrhythmias and sudden death. Despite its important role in arrhythmogenesis, the mechanism underlying Ca2+ alternans remains poorly understood. Here, we investigated the role of(More)
The cardiac Ca(2+) release channel (ryanodine receptor, RyR2) plays an essential role in excitation-contraction coupling in cardiac muscle cells. Effective and stable excitation-contraction coupling critically depends not only on the expression of RyR2, but also on its distribution. Despite its importance, little is known about the distribution and(More)
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