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The dystroglycan gene produces two products from a single mRNA, the extracellular alpha-dystroglycan and the transmembrane beta-dystroglycan. The Duchenne muscular dystrophy protein, dystrophin, associates with the muscle membrane via beta-dystroglycan, the WW domain of dystrophin interacting with a PPxY motif in beta-dystroglycan. A panel of four(More)
Emerin is a nuclear membrane protein which is missing or defective in Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD). It is one member of a family of lamina-associated proteins which includes LAP1, LAP2 and lamin B receptor (LBR). A panel of 16 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) has been mapped to six specific sites throughout the emerin molecule using phage-displayed(More)
Most viruses exploit a variety of host cellular proteins as primary cellular attachment receptors in the context of successful execution of infection. Furthermore, many viral agents have evolved precise mechanisms to subvert host immune recognition to achieve persistence. Herein we present data indicating that adenovirus (Ad) serotype 3 utilizes CD80 (B7.1)(More)
Adenovirus (Ad)-mediated transduction of dendritic cells (DC) is inefficient because of the lack of the primary Ad receptor, CAR. DC infection with Ad targeted to the CD40 results in increased gene transfer. The current report describes further development of the CD40-targeting approach using an adapter molecule that bridges the fiber of the Ad5 to CD40 on(More)
A potential barrier to the development of genetically targeted adenovirus (Ad) vectors for cell-specific delivery of gene therapeutics lies in the fact that several types of targeting protein ligands require posttranslational modifications, such as the formation of disulfide bonds, which are not available to Ad capsid proteins due to their nuclear(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a key molecule involved in the pathogenesis of several inflammatory diseases and malignancies. Treatments that inhibit IL-6 mitigate the clinical conditions of such diseases. Here, we report on the development of a new receptor inhibitor of IL-6 (NRI) by genetically engineering tocilizumab, a humanized anti-IL-6 receptor monoclonal(More)
The capacity of dendritic cells (DCs) to migrate from peripheral organs to lymph nodes (LNs) is important in the initiation of a T cell-mediated immune response. The ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters P-glycoprotein (P-gp; ABCB1) and the multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1; ABCC1) have been shown to play a role in both human and murine DC migration.(More)
UNLABELLED Influenza vaccines aimed at inducing antibody (Ab) responses against viral surface hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) provide sterile immunity to infection with the same subtypes. Vaccines targeting viral conserved determinants shared by the influenza A viruses (IAV) offer heterosubtypic immunity (HSI), a broad protection against different(More)
Adenovirus (Ad) vectors are most potent for use as gene delivery vehicles to infect human cells in vitro and in vivo with high efficiency. The main limitation in utilization of Ad as a gene transfer vector is the lack of specificity. Genetic modifications of Ad capsid proteins resulting in incorporation of foreign polypeptide ligand sequences can redirect(More)
Alternate serotypes of adenovirus (Ad), including Ads of species B, are being explored to circumvent the disadvantages of Ad serotype 5 gene delivery vectors. Whereas the majority of human Ads utilize the Coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR), none of the Ad species B use CAR. Ad species B is further divided into two subspecies, B1 and B2, and(More)