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Three specific xyloglucanases (XGs) were isolated from Aspergillus japonicus (32 kDa, pI 2.8), Chrysosporium lucknowense (78 kDa, pI 3.8) and Trichoderma reesei (75-105 kDa, pI 4.1-4.3). The characteristic feature of these enzymes was their high specific activity toward tamarind xyloglucan, whereas the activity against carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) and(More)
Reproductive isolation plays the key role in speciation. According to the prevailing ideas, the main speciation mechanism is gradual accumulation of genetic differences in isolated populations (allopatric phase of speciation) based on mutations, selection, and genetic drift. In this case, reproductive isolation emerges as an occasional byproduct of(More)
Six xylan-hydrolyzing enzymes have been isolated from the preparations Celloviridin G20x and Xybeten-Xyl, obtained earlier based on the strain 1 Trichoderma longibrachiatum (Trichoderma reesei) TW-1. The enzymes isolated were represented by three xylanases (XYLs), XYL I (20 kDa, pI 5.5), XYL II (21 kDa, pI 9.5), XYL III (30 kDa, pI 9.1); endoglucanase I (EG(More)
The distribution of protein domains was analyzed in superkingdoms Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukaryota. About a half of eukaryotic domains have prokaryotic origin. Many domains related to information processing in the nucleocytoplasm were inherited from archaea. Sets of domains associated with metabolism and regulatory and signaling systems were inherited from(More)
Phanerozoic marine genera apparently do not become less extinction-prone with age. Higher extinction probability in "young" cohorts of genera is better explained by initially different levels of extinction-tolerance of genera in the cohort. This fact agrees with one of the two basic statements of the "Red Queen" hypothesis (Van Valen, 1973). In the second(More)
Seven cellulase preparations from Penicillium and Trichoderma spp. were evaluated for their ability to hydrolyze the cellulose fraction of hardwoods (yellow poplar and red maple) pretreated by organosolv extraction, as well as model cellulosic substrates such as filter paper. There was no significant correlation among hydrolytic performance on pretreated(More)
Adsorption of several crude and purified cellulases (from Trichoderma reesei, Penicillium verruculosum and Chrysosporium lucknowense) on indigo particles and Avicel cellulose was studied. Much higher amounts of protein were bound to indigo than to cellulose under similar conditions. For different purified enzymes, the quantity of bound protein per mg of(More)
The distribution of cohesin complex in polytene chromosomes of Drosophila melanogaster was studied. Cohesin is a complicated protein complex which is regulated by the DRAD21 subunit. Using immunostaining for DRAD21p, the cohesins were shown to be preferentially located in the interband regions. This specificity was not characteristic for puffs, where(More)
DNA extraction from plant tissues, unlike DNA isolation from mammalian tissues, remains difficult due to the presence of a rigid cell wall around the plant cells. Currently used methods inevitably require a laborious mechanical grinding step, necessary to disrupt the cell wall for the release of DNA. Using a cocktail of different carbohydrases, a method was(More)
The gene orders in the genomes of nine alpha-proteobacteria were compared using quantitative indices S (the relative number of common pairs of adjacent genes) and L (the mean difference between intergenic distances). A sample of 200 homologous genes, occurring in all 11 strains, was studied. In all of the genomes examined, 20 conserved, “uninterrupted”(More)