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Noninvasive monitoring of β-amyloid (Aβ) plaques, the neuropathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD), is critical for AD diagnosis and prognosis. Current visualization of Aβ plaques in brains of live patients and animal models is limited in specificity and resolution. The retina as an extension of the brain presents an appealing target for a live,(More)
Vascular and parenchymal basement membranes (BMs) are thickened in diabetes, but alterations in individual BM components in diabetic eyes, especially in diabetic retinopathy (DR), are obscure. To identify abnormalities in the distribution of specific constituents, we analyzed cryostat sections of human eyes obtained at autopsy (seven normal, five diabetic(More)
PURPOSE To uncover abnormalities of extracellular matrix (ECM) distribution in human corneas with pseudophakic and aphakic bullous keratopathy (PBK/ABK). METHODS Indirect immunofluorescence with antibodies to 27 ECM components was used on frozen sections of 14 normal and 20 PBK/ABK corneas. RESULTS Fibrillar deposits of an antiadhesive glycoprotein(More)
A variety of heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG) have been identified on cell surfaces and in basement membrane (BM). To more fully characterize HSPG in human skin BM, we used two monoclonal antibodies (MAb) directed against epitopes of the core protein of a high molecular weight HSPG isolated from murine EHS tumor. Indirect immunofluorescence revealed(More)
PURPOSE To examine the distribution of extracellular matrix (ECM) and basement membrane (BM) components and of Na+,K+-ATPase in postcataract surgery (PCS) corneas. These corneas were from patients who never developed pseudophakic or aphakic bullous keratopathy (PBK/ABK) after cataract surgery. PCS corneas were compared with PBK/ABK and Fuchs' dystrophy(More)
PURPOSE Recently, we found abnormal accumulation of several extracellular matrix components in retinal basement membranes in human diabetic retinopathy (DR). Others have described increased levels of various growth factors within the vitreous of DR patients. This study examined mRNA levels of these extracellular matrix components and growth factors within(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of the study was to characterize signaling intermediates involved in angiogenic responses of retinal endothelial cells (RECs) to the extracellular matrix and growth factors, by using specific inhibitors. METHODS Tubelike structure formation and the development of secondary sprouts on a basement membrane (BM) matrix, cell proliferation,(More)
Differential gene expression in tumors often involves growth factors and extracellular matrix/basement membrane components. Here, 11,000- gene microarray was used to identify gene expression profiles in brain tumors including high-grade gliomas [glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and anaplastic astrocytoma], low-grade astrocytomas, or benign extra-axial brain(More)
BACKGROUND The corneal epithelium converges at the peripheral zone (limbus) with the conjunctival epithelium, forming a continuous sheet with phenotypically distinct regions--central, limbal, and conjunctival. The epithelial basement membrane (EBM) is important for corneal functions and cell adhesion, but its regional composition is poorly understood.(More)
We previously documented protein kinase CK2 involvement in retinal neovascularization. Here we describe retinal CK2 expression and combined effects of CK2 inhibitors with the somatostatin analog octreotide in a mouse model of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR). CK2 expression in human and rodent retinas with and without retinopathy and in astrocytic and(More)