Alexander V. Kulikov

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Catalepsy or pronounced freezing is a natural passive defense strategy in animals and a syndrome of some mental disorders in human. Hereditary catalepsy was shown to be associated with depressive-like features in rats and mice. The loci underlying the difference in predisposition to catalepsy between catalepsy-prone CBA/lacJ and catalepsy-resistant AKR/J(More)
In this study, we applied for real-time PCR the two-standard system that we had worked out previously for PCR with gel-detection of products. Genomic DNA of a known concentration was used as external standard and mRNA of the DNA-dependent RNA-polymerase II was used as internal standard. It was shown that PCR with gel-detection of products and real-time PCR(More)
Brain serotonin 5-HT(1A) and 5-HT(2A) receptors have been implicated in both normal and pathological behavior, and in the action of anxiolytic and antidepressant drugs. In this study, detailed description and verification of a new RT-PCR technique to quantify the number of copies of 5-HT(1A) and 5-HT(2A) receptor mRNAs in the brain is presented. The number(More)
New modification of the open field was designed to improve automation of the test. The main innovations were: (1) transmitted lighting and (2) estimation of probability to find pixels associated with an animal in the selected region of arena as an objective index of spatial preference. Transmitted (inverted) lighting significantly ameliorated the contrast(More)
BACKGROUND Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MMSCs) are minimally differentiated precursors with great potential to transdifferentiate. These cells are quite resistant to oxygen limitation, suggesting that a hypoxic milieu can be physiological for MMSCs. METHODS Human MMSCs isolated from adipose tissue were grown at various oxygen concentrations.(More)
The present experiments tested the hypothesis that one of the critical mechanisms underlying genetically defined aggressiveness involves brain serotonin 5-HT1A receptors. 5-HT1A receptor density, the receptor mRNA expression in brain structures, and functional correlates for 5-HT1A receptors identified as 8-OH-DPAT-induced hypothermia and lower lip(More)
The activity of the rate-limiting enzyme of serotonin biosynthesis, tryptophan hydroxylase, in the striatum but not in the hippocampus and midbrain of rats bred for predisposition to catalepsy was higher than in nonselected rats. Mice of the highly susceptible to catelepsy CBA strain also differed from other noncataleptic mouse strains by the highest(More)
Pinch-induced catalepsy and activity of the rate-limiting enzyme of serotonin biosynthesis, tryptophan hydroxylase, in brain structures have been studied in mice of six inbred strains. A pronounced predisposition to catalepsy was found in the CBA mouse strain. It was shown that the CBA mice had the highest tryptophan hydroxylase activity in the neostriatum(More)
Specific binding of [3H]ketanserin to 5-HT2A serotonin receptor sites in the corpus striatum and frontal cortex and the effect of 5-HT2A antagonists in rats and mice hereditarily predisposed to catalepsy has been studied. Cyproheptadine inhibited the expression of inherited catalepsy in rats and mice, whereas more selective 5-HT2A antagonists, ritanserin(More)
The effects of thyroidectomy on anxiety-related behavior in the elevated plus-maze test, locomotor activity, and defecation in the open-field test and duration of cataleptic freezing were studied in rats of two strains differing in predisposition to catalepsy: cataleptic strain GC and its ancestor strain Wistar. Total thyroxine level was significantly(More)