Alexander V Bushuev

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The role of natural selection in shaping adaptive trait differentiation in natural populations has long been recognized. Determining its molecular basis, however, remains a challenge. Here, we search for signals of selection in candidate genes for colour and its perception in a passerine bird. Pied flycatcher plumage varies geographically in both its(More)
OBJECTIVE An immunomodulatory activity of circulating DNA (cirDNA) is implemented via the interactions of cirDNA with the targets exposed on the cell membrane and/or intracellular targets. The goal of this work was to identify the cellular targets of immunoinhibiting cell-surface-bound cirDNA (csbDNA) using its oligodeoxyribonucleotide (ODN) analogs(More)
Characteristics of innate (nonspecific) and acquired T-cell immunity, resting metabolic rate, hormonal and reproductive status, morphological traits of maturation and aggressive behavior were studied in two sample groups of Campbell’s dwarf hamster males (Phodopus campbelli Thomas, 1905) selected in three generations for high and low humoral immune response(More)
Repeatability of a trait estimated over long time intervals and its heritability make it possible to assess whether it can serve as an individual characteristic and be subject to selection. Heritability and repeatability of energetic traits are still poorly studied in birds. The most important physiological characteristic of the homoiotherms is the minimal(More)
Estimates of a trait heritability and repeatability can get at an idea of its usefulness for being an individual characteristic and its ability to change under selection pressure. Heritability and repeatability of energetic parameters still poorly studied in birds. The most important physiological characteristic of homoiotherms is resting metabolic rate(More)
The relationship between the type of melanin-based plumage colouration and the strength of experimentally induced immune response was studied using as an example a pied flycatcher population from the Moscow region. The breeding plumage of pied flycatcher males exhibits the full spectrum of transitions from contrasting black-and-white to cryptic brownish,(More)
INTRODUCTION Large, prospective pre-hospital studies of acute poisonings are scarce. We present the epidemiology of the pre-hospital poisonings, the treatment given, the complications of the poisoning itself and the treatment, predictors for hospitalization, and the safety of the present approach in a large industrial Russian city. METHODS Data were(More)
We have studied morphological and physiological traits of equally aged young males of Campbell’s dwarf hamster (Phodopus campbelli Thomas, 1905) born at the end of summer (fall males) and winter (spring males) in a vivarium with a constant 14-hour day length (LD 14: 10). Animals were removed from parental cages at the age of one month, kept in isolation in(More)
We have studied morphological and physiological traits of even-young males of Campbell dwarf hamsters (Phodopus campbelli Thomas, 1905) born at the end of summer ("fall males") and at the end of winter ("spring males") in a vivarium with constant 14-hour day length (14D:10N). After removal from parental cages at the age of one month, males were kept in(More)
We selected Campbell dwarf hamsters (Phodopus campbelli Thomas, 1905) for low and high humoral immune response to the sheep red blood cells (SRBC) challenge in three generations (P, F1, F2). Non-specific innate immunity and acquired T-cell immunity, resting metabolic rate, testosterone, and cortisole hormone levels, reproductive characteristics, including(More)