Alexander T Hawley

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OBJECTIVE To determine the presence and frequency of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within exon 1 of the canine mu-opioid receptor (MOR) gene. STUDY DESIGN Prospective genetic analysis. ANIMALS Seventy-five dogs of various breeds. METHODS DNA was isolated from dog blood. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed to amplify exon 1 of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the cardiopulmonary effects of dobutamine and norepinephrine infusion in isoflurane-anesthetized healthy alpacas. ANIMALS 8 adult alpacas. PROCEDURES Initial baseline cardiovascular, respiratory, and metabolic variables were obtained 30 minutes after induction of isoflurane anesthesia in 8 alpacas (3 females and 5 sexually(More)
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