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The activity of the intracellular protease, the proteasome, is modulated by a number of specific regulatory proteins. One such regulator, PA700, is a 700,000-Da multisubunit protein that activates hydrolytic activities of the proteasome via a mechanism that involves the ATP-dependent formation of a proteasome-PA700 complex. Four subunits of PA700 have been(More)
Transposons are mobile DNA segments that can disrupt gene function by inserting in or near genes. Here, we show that insertional mutagenesis by the PiggyBac transposon can be used for cancer gene discovery in mice. PiggyBac transposition in genetically engineered transposon-transposase mice induced cancers whose type (hematopoietic versus solid) and latency(More)
We show that BRAF(V600E) initiates an alternative pathway to colorectal cancer (CRC), which progresses through a hyperplasia/adenoma/carcinoma sequence. This pathway underlies significant subsets of CRCs with distinctive pathomorphologic/genetic/epidemiologic/clinical characteristics. Genetic and functional analyses in mice revealed a series of(More)
15N NMR, reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry have been used to follow nitrogen metabolism in Escherichia coli labeled on medium containing L-[15N]aspartate. The flow of 15N through various nitrogen-containing metabolites was followed over the course of the labeling period. For wild-type E. coli(More)
Here, we show CRISPR/Cas9-based targeted somatic multiplex-mutagenesis and its application for high-throughput analysis of gene function in mice. Using hepatic single guide RNA (sgRNA) delivery, we targeted large gene sets to induce hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). We observed Darwinian selection of target genes,(More)
Acute exposure of humans to low levels of ozone are known to cause decreases in FVC and increases in SRaw. These alterations in lung function do not, however, elucidate the potential for acute small airway responses. In this study we employed a test of aerosol dispersion to examine the potential effects of ozone on small airways in humans. Twenty-two(More)
Here we describe a conditional piggyBac transposition system in mice and report the discovery of large sets of new cancer genes through a pancreatic insertional mutagenesis screen. We identify Foxp1 as an oncogenic transcription factor that drives pancreatic cancer invasion and spread in a mouse model and correlates with lymph node metastasis in human(More)
KRAS is one of the most frequently mutated oncogenes in human cancer. Despite substantial efforts, no clinically applicable strategy has yet been developed to effectively treat KRAS-mutant tumors. Here, we perform a cell-line-based screen and identify strong synergistic interactions between cell-cycle checkpoint-abrogating Chk1- and MK2 inhibitors,(More)
Measurements of ozone uptake efficiency in the human respiratory tract provide critical information toward understanding ozone dose-response characteristics. We measured ozone uptake efficiency by different regions of the respiratory tract between the mouth and bronchus intermedius in 10 healthy, resting, nonsmoking male and female subjects. The distal end(More)