UNLABELLED The majority of emerging zoonoses originate in wildlife, and many are caused by viruses. However, there are no rigorous estimates of total viral diversity (here termed "virodiversity") for any wildlife species, despite the utility of this to future surveillance and control of emerging zoonoses. In this case study, we repeatedly sampled a… (More)
Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) mariculture has been associated with epidemics of infectious diseases that threaten not only local production, but also wild fish coming into close proximity to marine pens and fish escaping from them. Heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI) is a frequently fatal disease of farmed Atlantic salmon. First recognized in… (More)
Many problems in computational biology require alignment-free sequence comparisons. One of the common tasks involving sequence comparison is sequence clustering. Here we apply methods of alignment-free comparison (in particular, comparison using sequence composition) to the challenge of sequence clustering. We study several centroid based algorithms for… (More)
The Klebanov-Strassler background is invariant under the Z 2 symmetry I, which acts by exchanging the bi-fundamental fields A and B, accompanied by the charge conjugation. We study the background perturbations in the I-odd sector and find an exhaustive list of bosonic states invariant under the R-symmetry SU(2) × SU(2). In addition to the scalars identified… (More)
The origin of H1N1pdm constitutes an unresolved mystery, as its most recently observed ancestors were isolated in pigs nearly a decade before it emerged in humans. One theory suggests imperfect surveillance of swine viruses caused the virus to be missed in swine herds. Other hypotheses point to the possibility of laboratory error or an avian intermediary.… (More)
We consider 2+1-dimensional classical noncommutative scalar field theory. The general ansatz for a radially symmetric solution is obtained. Some exact solutions are presented. Their possible physical meaning is discussed. The case of the finite θ is discussed qualitatively and illustrated by some numerical results.
We consider the Bethe Ansatz Equations for orbifolds of N = 4 SYM w.r.t. an arbitrary discrete group. Techniques used for the Abelian orbifolds can be extended to the generic non-Abelian case with minor modifications. We show how to make a transition between the different notations in the quiver gauge theory.
While conventional pathogenic protists have been extensively studied, there is an underappreciated constitutive protist microbiota that is an integral part of the vertebrate microbiome. The impact of these species on the host and their potential contributions to mucosal immune homeostasis remain poorly studied. Here, we show that the protozoan… (More)
Cellular non-coding RNA (ncRNA) transcription and regulation has only recently been systematically investigated. Studies have demonstrated abundant transcription of a set of ncRNAs preferentially within tumors as opposed to normal tissue. In some cases these tumor-associated ncRNAs also associate with inflammatory cytokine production suggesting potential… (More)
Results of investigations are presented about locating fruit plantations in zones of ecological optimum on the basis of a new model for dynamics of resource potential of land for creating the uniform automated information system (EAC).