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Aerosol radiative forcing is a critical, though variable and uncertain component of the global climate. Yet climate models rely on sparse information of the aerosol optical properties. In situ measurements, though important in many respects, seldom provide measurements of the undisturbed aerosol in the entire atmospheric column. Here we use 8 years of(More)
[1] A multitude of sensitivity studies in the literature point to the importance of proper chemical and morphological characterization of particles when the radiative impacts of airborne dusts are modeled. However, the community data set is based on heterogeneous measurement methods relying on varying aerodynamic, chemical, morphological, and optical means.(More)
We find a new class of algebraic geometric solutions of Heun's equation with the accessory parameter belonging to a hyperelliptic curve. Dependence of these solutions from the accessory parameter as well as their relation to Heun's polynomials is studied. Methods of calculating the algebraic genus of the curve, and its branching points, are suggested.(More)
[1] For 26 days in mid-June and July 2000, a research group comprised of U.S. Navy, NASA, and university scientists conducted the Puerto Rico Dust Experiment (PRIDE). In this paper we give a brief overview of mean meteorological conditions during the study. We focus on our findings on African dust transported into the Caribbean utilizing a Navajo aircraft(More)
[1] Knowledge of the absorption of sunlight by atmospheric gases, aerosols and clouds is key to understanding climate and its variation. Several studies suggested that clouds absorb sunlight significantly more than what models predict. Other studies suggested that the anomalous absorption is present in cloud-free conditions. Here we measure absorption in(More)
In this paper, a global validation package for satellite aerosol optical thickness retrieval using the Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) observations as ground truth is described. To standardize the validation procedure, the optimum time/space match-up window, the ensemble statistical analysis method, the best selection of AERONET channels and the numerical(More)
[1] Analyses of aerosol optical depth (AOD) and columnar water vapor (CWV) measurements obtained with the six-channel NASA Ames Airborne Tracking Sunphotometer (AATS-6) mounted on a twin-engine aircraft during the summer 2000 Puerto Rico Dust Experiment are presented. In general, aerosol extinction values calculated from AATS-6 AOD measurements acquired(More)