Alexander Slowik

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Recent studies suggest that the chemotactic G-protein-coupled-receptor (GPCR) formyl-peptide-receptor-like-1 (FPRL1) and the receptor-for-advanced-glycation-end-products (RAGE) play an important role in the inflammatory response involved in neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Therefore, the expression and co-localisation of mouse(More)
Neuroinflammation in the central nervous system is triggered by toxic stimuli or degenerative events, orchestrates the interplay of brain-intrinsic immune cells and neighboring neural cells, and sequentially allows leukocyte extravasation from the periphery into the brain parenchyma. During the inflammatory cascade, immune-competent cells become activated(More)
INTRODUCTION Oxidative stress can impair fracture healing. To protect against oxidative damage, a system of detoxifying and antioxidative enzymes works to reduce the cellular stress. The transcription of these enzymes is regulated by antioxidant response element (ARE). The nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like2 (Nrf2) plays a major role in(More)
17β-Estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P) are neuroprotective in acute brain injury by attenuating neuropathophysiological processes and regulating local glial function. Besides controlling brain-intrinsic immune responses, astrocytes are cellular targets for sex steroids in health and disease and typically resist to hypoxic damage. In this in vitro study, we(More)
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA n3) provide neuroprotection due to their anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties as well as their regulatory function on growth factors and neuronal plasticity. These qualities enable PUFA n3 to ameliorate stroke outcome and limit neuronal damage. Young adult male rats received transient middle cerebral(More)
CNS ischemia results in locally confined and rapid tissue damage accompanied by a loss of neurons and their circuits. Early and time-delayed inflammatory responses are critical variables determining the extent of neural disintegration and regeneration. Inflammasomes are vital effectors in innate immunity. Their activation in brain-intrinsic immune cells(More)
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a potent agent that improves soft tissue and bone healing. By the release of growth factors and cytokines, PRP is believed to locally boost physiologic healing processes. Recently, antimicrobial activity of PRP has been demonstrated against S. aureus strains. Major scientific effort is being put into the understanding and(More)
Microglia cells are the primary mediators of the CNS immune defense system and crucial for the outcome of shaping inflammatory responses. They are highly dynamic, moving constantly, and become activated by neuronal signaling under pathological conditions. They fulfill a dual role by not only regulating local neuroinflammation but also conferring neuronal(More)
Recent studies have suggested that the scavenger receptor MARCO (macrophage receptor with collagenous structure) mediates activation of the immune response in bacterial infection of the central nervous system (CNS). The chemotactic G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) formyl-peptide-receptor like-1 (FPRL1) plays an essential role in the inflammatory responses(More)
17β-estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P) are neuroprotective factors in the brain preventing neuronal death under different injury paradigms. In previous studies, we demonstrated that both steroids dampen neuronal damage, improve local energy metabolism and attenuate pro-inflammatory responses. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small regulators of distinct target genes(More)