Alexander Shnirman

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Low-capacitance Josephson junction arrays in the parameter range where single charges can be controlled are suggested as possible physical realiza-tions of the elements which have been considered in the context of quantum computers. We discuss single and multiple quantum bit systems. The systems are controlled by applied gate voltages, which also allow the(More)
Quantum state engineering, i.e., active control over the coherent dynamics of suitable quantum mechanical systems, has become a fascinating perspective of modern physics. With concepts developed in atomic and molecular physics and in the context of NMR, the field has been stimulated further by the perspectives of quantum computation and communication. For(More)
Low-capacitance Josephson junctions, where Cooper pairs tunnel coherently while Coulomb blockade effects allow the control of the total charge, provide physical realizations of quantum bits (qubits), with logical states differing by one Cooper-pair charge on an island. The single-and two-bit operations required for quantum computation can be performed by(More)
Motivated by recent experiments with Josephson-junction circuits we reconsider de-coherence effects in quantum two-level systems (TLS). On one hand, the experiments demonstrate the importance of 1/f noise, on the other hand, by operating at symmetry points one can suppress noise effects in linear order. We, therefore, analyze noise sources with a variety of(More)
Motivated by recent experiments, which demonstrated lasing and cooling of the electromagnetic modes in a resonator coupled to a superconducting qubit, we describe the specific mechanisms creating the population inversion, and we study the spectral properties of these systems in the lasing state. Different levels of the theoretical description, i.e., the(More)
Recent progress with microfabricated quantum devices has revealed that an ubiquitous source of noise originates in tunneling material defects that give rise to a sparse bath of parasitic two-level systems (TLSs). For superconducting qubits, TLSs residing on electrode surfaces and in tunnel junctions account for a major part of decoherence and thus pose a(More)
Josephson-junction systems have been studied as potential realizations of quantum bits. For their operation as qubits it is crucial to maintain quantum phase coherence for long times. Frequently relaxation and dephasing effects are described in the frame of the Bloch equations. Recent experiments demonstrate the importance of 1/f noise, or operate at points(More)
Among the physical realizations of the elements required for quantum computation nano-scale electronic devices 15,2,12,10] are very promising. They can be easily integrated into electronic circuits and scaled up to large numbers of qubits. Here we describe qubits based on low-capacitance Josephson junctions. In these systems Coulomb blockade eeects allow(More)
Among the potential physical implementations of quantum bits (qubits) solid state devices appear most promising for large scale applications and integration in electronic circuits. Devices based on low-capa-citance Josephson junctions exploit the coherence of the superconducting state, combined with the possibility to control individual charges by Coulomb(More)