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Genome sequencing enhances our understanding of the biological world by providing blueprints for the evolutionary and functional diversity that shapes the biosphere. However, microbial genomes that are currently available are of limited phylogenetic breadth, owing to our historical inability to cultivate most microorganisms in the laboratory. We apply(More)
The paucity of enzymes that efficiently deconstruct plant polysaccharides represents a major bottleneck for industrial-scale conversion of cellulosic biomass into biofuels. Cow rumen microbes specialize in degradation of cellulosic plant material, but most members of this complex community resist cultivation. To characterize biomass-degrading genes and(More)
Recent studies suggest that unidentified prokaryotes fix inorganic carbon at globally significant rates in the immense dark ocean. Using single-cell sorting and whole-genome amplification of prokaryotes from two subtropical gyres, we obtained genomic DNA from 738 cells representing most cosmopolitan lineages. Multiple cells of Deltaproteobacteria cluster(More)
As a high throughput technique, microarray experiments produce large data sets, consisting of measured data, laboratory protocols, and experimental settings. We have implemented the open source platform EMMA to store and analyze these data. The system provides automated pipelines for data processing and has a modular architecture that can be easily(More)
Between July 18(th) and 24(th) 2010, 26 leading microbial ecology, computation, bioinformatics and statistics researchers came together in Snowbird, Utah (USA) to discuss the challenge of how to best characterize the microbial world using next-generation sequencing technologies. The meeting was entitled "Terabase Metagenomics" and was sponsored by the(More)
The composition of the human microbiota is recognized as an important factor in human health and disease. Many of our cohabitating microbes belong to phylum-level divisions for which there are no cultivated representatives and are only represented by small subunit rRNA sequences. For one such taxon (SR1), which includes bacteria with elevated abundance in(More)
Marine Group I (MGI) Thaumarchaeota are one of the most abundant and cosmopolitan chemoautotrophs within the global dark ocean. To date, no representatives of this archaeal group retrieved from the dark ocean have been successfully cultured. We used single cell genomics to investigate the genomic and metabolic diversity of thaumarchaea within the(More)
In order to examine transcriptional regulation globally, during early vertebrate embryonic development, we have prepared Xenopus laevis cDNA microarrays. These prototype embryonic arrays contain 864 sequenced gastrula cDNA. In order to analyze and store array data, a microarray analysis pipeline was developed and integrated with sequence analysis and(More)
The approach to annotating a genome critically affects the number and accuracy of genes identified in the genome sequence. Genome annotation based on stringent gene identification is prone to underestimate the complement of genes encoded in a genome. In contrast, over-prediction of putative genes followed by exhaustive computational sequence, motif and(More)
Conferences in computational biology continue to provide tutorials on classical and new methods in the field. This can be taken as an indicator that education is still a bottleneck in our field's process of becoming an established scientific discipline. Bielefeld University has been one of the early providers of bioinformatics education, both locally and(More)