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Since Kraepelin's first description of dementia praecox in 1889 many data and theories have been published on the onset and course of schizophrenia. Until now studies on these topics had to rely on first admission data and on the subsequent course of the disease. However, first hospitalisation is preceded by a wide variety of patterns and duration of the(More)
In this study it was possible to prove the Werther effect in suicides after watching fictional models for the first time. A twice-broadcast (1981, 1982) six-episode weekly serial showing the railway suicide of a 19-year-old male student provided a quasi-experimental ABABA design to investigate differential effects of suicide imitation. Imitation effects(More)
Four patients treated in one ward of a psychiatric clinic were admitted to our burn unit within 2 months due to severe burn injuries. The patients showed signs of a self-mutilation epidemic. All four patients were female and the mean age was 28 years. The psychiatric diagnosis was schizophrenia in all patients (ICD 10: F20.9). The ignition of flammable(More)
UNLABELLED Patients with violent methods of parasuicide share a number of common characteristics with those who complete suicide. They can be differentiated from patients with non-violent methods. Whereas surgery is usually the first-line care in cases of violent parasuicide, detoxification and/or psychiatric hospitalisation are first employed with(More)
A 24-year-old anorexic patient with cormobid symptoms of depression was treated for depression with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) rather than with psychopharmacotherapy, due to her poor physical condition. The depressive symptomatology significantly improved in correlation with two rTMS cycles but occurred again within 2 weeks. A third(More)
In four human controls, four cases of Parkinson's disease and three cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis analysis of dopamine, noradrenaline, serotonin and the metabolites 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid, homovanillic acid and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid was performed in various segments of postmortem spinal cord. In controls the concentrations of dopamine(More)
Serum carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) is currently widely used as a biochemical marker of alcohol misuse. However, various recent studies have questioned the diagnostic value of this parameter and reported low levels of both specificity and sensitivity, especially in women. Thus, we sought to identify sub-groups of female individuals in which CDT(More)
Despite recent advances in the management of severe head injury the mortality and morbidity remains high. Intracranial pressure (ICP) and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) are crucial parameters for the correct management at the intensive care unit, due to their therapeutic and prognostic importance. In addition, regional brain tissue oxygenation (ptiO2)(More)
It has often been hypothesized that a broken home results in a "predisposition" towards suicidal behaviour. Previous findings concerning the incidence of broken homes among suicides have revealed rates that are considerably higher than might have been expected from the base rate of the incidence of broken homes among the population as a whole. However, when(More)