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The morphology of tight junctions of the renal proximal tubule was studied comparing the pars convoluta and pars recta of rat, golden hamster, rabbit, cat, dog and tupaia. Though some interspecies variations were observed, the convoluted portions of the proximal tubules revealed quite uniformly very leaky tight junctions with mainly 1-2 strands. Along the(More)
In freeze-fracture replicas of the entire cross-fractured mesonephros of 18 day rabbit embryos the basolateral and luminal cell faces of the different nephron segments were studied and compared with their metanephric counterparts. In the proximal tubule, the shallow zonula occludens exhibited only 1-2 strands and resembled the corresponding metanephric(More)
The juxtaglomerular apparatus (JGA) in the rabbit kidney was examined by transmission electron microscopy and by freeze fracturing. It was found, that the Goormaghtigh cells of the JGA are extensively coupled with the mesangial cells within the glomerular tuft by gap junctions. A broad band of gap junctions starting within the Goormaghtigh cells, traversing(More)
The interendothelial junctions of all segments of the renal vasculature have been studied in eight species using the freeze-fracture technique. Three types of junctions have been found. Combinations of tight and gap junction elements are characteristic for interlobular arteries and proximal afferent arterioles. Continuous tight junction strands not(More)
The nonlinear increase of the elongation rate of actin filaments above the critical monomer concentration was investigated by nucleated polymerization of actin. Significant deviations from linearity were observed when actin was polymerized in the presence of magnesium ions. When magnesium ions were replaced by potassium or calcium ions, no deviations from(More)
The quantitative distribution of the different structural elements on the surface of the motoneurons (MN) in the spinal cord of the frog was studied in thin sections and freeze-fracture replicas. In particular, the different synaptic types and their distribution on the MN soma and dendrites are described. In thin sections three types of synapses were(More)
Freeze-fracture replicas and ultrathin sections were used to characterize the gap junctions on the somata and large dendrites of frog motoneurons found earlier by Sonnhof et al. (1977). In freeze-fracture replicas one of the specific features of these relatively frequent gap junctions is the presence of circular regions of non-junctional membrane(More)