Alexander Schaub

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Peripheral blood contains two major particular infrequent dendritic cells (DC) subsets linking the innate and specific immune system, the myeloid DC and plasmacytoid DC equivalent to the natural interferon-producing cells (NIPC). The functional characterization of these cells demands large volumes of blood, making a large animal model more appropriate and(More)
BACKGROUND Specificities for carbohydrate IgG antibodies, thought to be predominantly of the IgG2 subclass, have never been broadly examined in healthy human subjects. OBJECTIVE To examine commercial intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) preparations for their ability to recognize a wide range of glycans and to determine the contribution of IgG2 to the(More)
Human intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) preparations are increasingly used for the treatment of autoimmune diseases. Earlier work demonstrated the presence of autoantibodies against Fas in IVIg, suggesting that IVIg might be able to induce caspase-dependent cell death in Fas-sensitive cells. In this study, we demonstrate that sialic acid-binding Ig-like(More)
Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) has been proposed as a potential therapeutic for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and its efficacy is currently being tested in mild-to-moderate AD. Earlier studies reported the presence of anti-amyloid beta (Aβ) antibodies in IVIG. These observations led to clinical studies investigating the potential role of IVIG as a therapeutic(More)
BACKGROUND Human intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) preparations are used for the treatment of autoimmune and allergic diseases. Natural autoantibodies are believed to contribute to IVIg-mediated anti-inflammatory effects. OBJECTIVE To address the question of whether IVIg preparations contain anti-sialic acid-binding Ig-like lectin-8 (anti-Siglec-8)(More)
BACKGROUND Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) preparations are increasingly used for the treatment of autoimmune and chronic inflammatory diseases. Naturally occurring autoantibodies against Siglec-9 and Fas are thought to contribute to the anti-inflammatory effects of IVIG via cell death regulation of leukocytes and tissue cells. Dimeric IVIG fractions are(More)
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) preparations are derived from pooled plasma from up to 60,000 healthy human donors and reflect the immunologic experience of the donor population. IVIg contains monomeric and dimeric IgG populations which are in a dynamic equilibrium depending on concentration, pH, temperature, donor pool size, time and stabilizers added in(More)
Therapeutic intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) preparations contain antibodies reflecting the cumulative antigen experience of the donor population. IVIg contains variable amounts of monomeric and dimeric IgG, but there is little information available on their comparative antibody specificities. We have isolated highly purified fractions of monomeric and(More)
The macrophage (Mø) is an essential immune cell for innate immunity. Such cells are targeted by African swine fever virus (ASFV). The early phases of infection with ASFV have been previously characterized in non-leukocyte cells such as Vero cells. Here, we report on several additional key parameters that ASFV utilizes during the infection of primary Mø.(More)
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) preparations are derived from the pooled plasma of thousands of healthy donors and contain a complex mix of antibodies. Depending on the formulation, IVIG preparations contain variable amounts of monomeric and dimeric IgG. The biological and therapeutic significance of these IVIG fractions is still ill defined. Kinetic(More)