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BACKGROUND There is substantial evidence that the risk of spina bifida, a malformation of the caudal neural tube, may be associated with maternal or embryonic disturbances in the folate-homocysteine metabolic axis. Hence, variants of genes that influence this pathway represent an intriguing group of candidate genes for spina bifida and other neural tube(More)
A modestly elevated total plasma homocysteine concentration (tHcy) is generally accepted as an independent and graded risk factor for various pathologies, including vascular diseases, neural tube defects, Alzheimer disease, and pregnancy complications. We analyzed 5 common functional polymorphisms in enzymes involved in homocysteine metabolism (ie,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if functional polymorphisms of folate/homocysteine pathway enzymes are associated with homocysteine concentrations and/or coronary artery calcification (CAC) scores in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and controls. METHODS We investigated 163 SLE patients and 160 controls. Functional polymorphisms in 6 genes in the(More)
Low plasma folate and its derivatives have been linked with depressive disorders in studies dating back over 30 years. A thermolabile variant (677C>T) of the enzyme 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is associated with low serum folate. The present study aimed to explore whether the thermolabile variant of MTHFR is associated with a(More)
Substantial evidence suggests that a low folate/high homocysteine phenotype is pathogenic. We analyzed the impact of the thymidylate synthase (TYMS) 3'UTR ins/del polymorphism on folate and homocysteine levels and assessed the relationship between the TYMS 3'UTR ins/del polymorphism and key genetic and lifestyle variables. Among non-smokers only, the TYMS(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine (1) whether the A(-2518)G polymorphism of CCL-2, the gene encoding monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), is associated with disease, MCP-1 concentration, nephritis, or coronary artery calcification (CAC) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE); and (2) whether MCP-1 and homocysteine (Hcy) concentrations are correlated. METHODS(More)
To map the multiple interactive sites on the C3 polypeptide, it is advantageous to combine the approaches of protein chemistry, nucleic acid technology, and molecular biology. This review summarizes the currently known molecular properties of mouse liver C3 mRNA, cloned C3 cDNA, and genomic DNA. Original data communicated have specified the amino acid(More)
BACKGROUND Homozygotes for the thermolabile mutation (TT genotype) of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR; EC 1.5.1.20) enzyme have elevated plasma concentrations of the cardiovascular disease risk factor homocysteine, particularly if folate depleted. OBJECTIVE We examined the relations between thermolabile MTHFR, plasma homocysteine, plasma(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the incidence and extent of coronary artery calcification (CAC) as measured by electron beam computed tomography (EBCT) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and controls, and to identify variables associated with CAC in patients with SLE. METHODS Female patients with SLE and matched controls were recruited; EBCT of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the regulation of acute-phase serum amyloid A (A-SAA) production in inflamed synovial tissue, and to elucidate a possible pathophysiologic role in the induction of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) release by fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). METHODS Synovial tissue samples were obtained by arthroscopic biopsy from the knee joints of(More)