Alexander S Shvetsov

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Cross-links between protomers in F-actin can be used as a very sensitive probe of both the dynamics and structure of F-actin. We have characterized filaments formed from a previously described yeast actin Q41C mutant, where disulfide bonds can be formed between the Cys41 that is introduced into subdomain-2 and Cys374 on an adjacent protomer. We find that(More)
Proteins in the ADF/cofilin (AC) family are essential for rapid rearrangements of cellular actin structures. They have been shown to be active in both the severing and depolymerization of actin filaments in vitro, but the detailed mechanism of action is not known. Under in vitro conditions, subunits in the actin filament can treadmill; with the hydrolysis(More)
Actin, one of the most highly conserved and abundant eukaryotic proteins, is constantly being polymerized and depolymerized within cells as part of cellular motility, tissue formation and repair, and embryonic development. Many proteins exist that bind to monomeric or filamentous (F) forms of actin to regulate the polymerization state. It has become(More)
Cortactin is an F-actin- and Arp2/3 complex-binding protein, implicated in the regulation of cytoskeleton dynamics and cortical actin-assembly. The actin-binding domain of cortactin consists of a 6.5 tandem repeat of a 37-amino acid sequence known as the cortactin repeat (residues 80-325). Using a combination of structure prediction, circular dichroism, and(More)
Understanding the dynamics of the actin filament is essential to a detailed description of their interactions and role in the cell. Previous studies have linked the dynamic properties of actin filaments (F-actin) to three structural elements contributing to a hydrophobic pocket, namely, the hydrophobic loop, the DNase I binding loop, and the C-terminus.(More)
The effect of yeast cofilin on lateral contacts between protomers of yeast and skeletal muscle actin filaments was examined in solution. These contacts are presumably stabilized by the interactions of loop 262-274 of one protomer with two other protomers on the opposite strand in F-actin. Cofilin inhibited several-fold the rate of interstrand disulfide(More)
Models of F-actin structure predict the importance of hydrophobic loop 262-274 at the interface of subdomains 3 and 4 to interstrand interactions in filaments. If this premise is correct, prevention of the loop conformational change--its swinging motion--should abort filament formation. To test this hypothesis, we used site-directed mutagenesis to create(More)
It has been postulated that the hydrophobic loop of actin (residues 262-274) swings out and inserts into the opposite strand in the filament, stabilizing the filament structure. Here, we analyzed the hydrophobic loop dynamics utilizing four mutants that have cysteine residues introduced at a single location along the yeast actin loop. Lateral,(More)
According to the original Holmes model of F-actin structure, the hydrophobic loop 262-274 stabilizes the actin filament by inserting into a pocket formed at the interface between two protomers on the opposing strand. Using a yeast actin triple mutant, L180C/L269C/C374A [(LC)(2)CA], we showed previously that locking the hydrophobic loop to the G-actin(More)
We characterised a novel, charge-insufficient isosteric analogue of spermine, 11-[(amino)oxy]-4,9-diaza-1-aminoundecane (AOSPM). This analogue was synthesised by displacing aminopropyl group by aminooxyethyl group, the latter having pK(a) of about 5. Charge deficiency of the AOSPM molecule was fixed at a definite atom, while pK(a) of the rest nitrogen was(More)