Alexander S Goriachev

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Cerebral vasospasm (CVS) was described in patients after trans-sphenoidal pituitary surgery due to intra-operative trauma of arteries or blood clots around the arteries of Willis’ circle. We consider that in the two presented cases the main cause of CVS in early postoperative period was meningitis. Two patients with pituitary adenomas were operated with(More)
INTRODUCTION Fluid-resistant arterial hypotension can result in hypoperfusion of the brain and other organs. Well-known causes of arterial hypotension in neurosurgical practice include cardiac failure, septic shock, adrenal insufficiency, brainstem, and cervical spinal cord damage. Fluid-resistant arterial hypotension can occur in patients with brain edema(More)
The retrospective analysis of the results of surgical treatment of 1869 patients with various neurosurgical abnormalities of the brain who were operated on at the N. N. Burdenko Research Institute of Neurosurgery, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, for two randomly chosen years has ascertained that there is a common severe complication due to the use of(More)
The paper describes a clinical case of the severe potentially fatal postoperative complication--massive pulmonary thromboembolism--in a patient after uncomplicated removal of meningioma of the wing of os basilare. It also describes the problems in the diagnosis, treatment, prevention of perioperative deep venous thrombosis of the shin and subsequent(More)
The study gives data on how to improve the way from mechanical to spontaneous breathing in patients with weakened respiratory drive after posterior fossa tumor removal. We compared the effectiveness of two methods of weaning from mechanical ventilation in these patients. The main group consisted of 6 patients weaned from ventilator with ASV mode. The(More)
Aim of the study was to investigate the status of thyroid homeostasis and the relationship between severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and thyroid disorders. The study included 56 patients. Protocol of the study concluded: noninvasive and invasive hemodynamic monitoring, including PICCO, transcranial Doppler ultrasonography, measurement of intracranial(More)
A clinical example shows that after a neurosurgical operation in posterior fossa there could appear intracranial pressure difference between supra- and infratentorial spaces. This difference develops due to pressure rise in posterior fossa and maintenance of this hypertension postoperatively. Hypertension in posterior fossa and intracranial difference are(More)
Two case reports of patients operated for posterior fossa tumors complicated by postoperative hematoma are presented. In both cases patients underwent tracheostomy and were on ventilator for more than three weeks. Postoperative course was complicated by pneumonia and bronchitis. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy was performed to rule out lung complications.(More)
A respiratory failure (RF) rating scale has been developed to objectify indications for artificial ventilation (AV). The scale consists of three blocks gauging the level of consciousness, the degree of swallowing problems, cough, airway patency, and lung parenchymatous injury. The scale was tested in the period December 2009 to March 2010. Selection of(More)
This was a retrospective study. Its inclusion criterion was mechanical ventilation (MV) for more than 48 hours. One hundred and eighty-four case records of 184 neurosurgical intensive care unit patients were analyzed. Ventilation modes, upper airway cares and prosthetic replacement were chosen by the protocol accepted at the Institute. Great differences(More)