Alexander S. Crowell

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Neutron stimulated emission computed tomography (NSECT) is presented as a new technique for in vivo tomographic spectroscopic imaging. A full implementation of NSECT is intended to provide an elemental spectrum of the body or part of the body being interrogated at each voxel of a three-dimensional computed tomographic image. An external neutron beam(More)
Short-lived positron-emitting radiotracer techniques provide time-dependent data that are critical for developing models of metabolite transport and resource distribution in plants and their microenvironments. Until recently these techniques were applied to measure radiotracer accumulation in coarse regions along transport pathways. The recent application(More)
Several positron emitting radioisotopes such as (11)C and (13)N can be used in plant biology research. The (11)CO(2) tracer is used to facilitate plant biology research toward optimization of plant productivity, biofuel development and carbon sequestration in biomass. Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging has been used to study carbon transport in live(More)
This paper describes the implementation of neutron-stimulated emission computed tomography (NSECT) for non-invasive imaging and reconstruction of a multi-element phantom. The experimental apparatus and process for acquisition of multi-spectral projection data are described along with the reconstruction algorithm and images of the two elements in the(More)
Iron overload disorders have been the focus of several quantification studies involving non-invasive imaging modalities. Neutron spectroscopic techniques have demonstrated great potential in detecting iron concentrations within biological tissue. We are developing a neutron spectroscopic technique called neutron stimulated emission computed tomography(More)
Neutron stimulated emission computed tomography (NSECT) is being developed as a non-invasive spectroscopic imaging technique to determine element concentrations in the human body. NSECT uses a beam of fast neutrons that scatter inelastically from atomic nuclei in tissue, causing them to emit characteristic gamma photons that are detected and identified(More)
PURPOSE We have been developing a fast-neutron spectroscopic technique to quantitatively image the distribution of elements in the body using quasi-monochromatic neutron beams. Previously, we demonstrated the ability of the technique to quantify specific elements in the liver and breast while limiting radiation dose to clinically acceptable levels. Here we(More)
The two-body photodisintegration cross section of (4)He into a proton and triton was measured with monoenergetic photon beams in 0.5 MeV energy steps between 22 and 30 MeV. High-pressure (4)He-Xe gas scintillators of various (4)He/Xe ratios served as targets and detectors. Pure Xe gas scintillators were used for background studies. A NaI detector together(More)
The objective of this paper is threefold: (1) to establish sensitivity of XRQA and EBT radiochromic films to fast neutron exposure; (2) to develop a film response to radiation dose calibration curve and (3) to investigate a two-dimensional (2D) film dosimetry technique for use in establishing an experimental setup for a radiobiological irradiation of mice(More)
Neutron capture by a proton at low neutron energies is one of the most important reactions in both nuclear physics and astrophysics. In nuclear physics the n-p two body system is solvable and the reaction can provide valuable information about the nucleonnucleon interaction, wave function of the deuteron and the electromagnetic properties of nucleons.(More)