Learn More
The electrostatic assembly of nanocomposite thin films consisting of alternating layers of an organometallic redox polymer (RP) and oxidoreductase enzymes, glucose oxidase (GOX), lactate oxidase (LOX) and pyruvate oxidase (PYX), was investigated. Multilayer nanostructures were fabricated on gold surfaces by the deposition of an anionic self-assembled(More)
We present an easy and effective method for the encapsulation of cells inside PEG-based hydrogel microstructures fabricated using photolithography. High-density arrays of three-dimensional microstructures were created on substrates using this method. Mammalian cells were encapsulated in cylindrical hydrogel microstructures of 600 and 50 micrometers in(More)
The applications of biosensors range from environmental testing and biowarfare agent detection to clinical testing and cell analysis. In recent years, biosensors have become increasingly prevalent in clinical testing and point-of-care testing. This is driven in part by the desire to decrease the cost of health care, to shift some of the analytical tests(More)
Biosensors are of great significance because of their capability to resolve a potentially large number of analytical problems and challenges in very diverse areas such as defense, homeland security, agriculture and food safety, environmental monitoring, medicine, pharmacology, industry, etc. The expanding role of biosensing in society and a real-world(More)
The development of integrated microsystems capable of interrogation, characterization and sorting of mammalian cells is highly significant for further advancement of point-of-care diagnostics and drug discovery fields. The present study sought to design a novel strategy for releasing antibody-bound cells through electrochemical disruption of the underlying(More)
In this paper we describe a microfabrication-derived approach for defining interactions between distinct groups of cells and integrating biosensors with cellular micropatterns. In this approach, photoresist lithography was employed to micropattern cell-adhesive ligand (collagen I) on silane-modified glass substrates. Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)(More)
Cytokine secretion by leukocytes is an important indicator of immune response to pathogens and therefore has significant implications in disease diagnostics. Given heterogeneity of leukocyte subsets and the ability of multiple cell subsets to secrete the same cytokines, connecting cytokine production to a specific leukocyte subset is a distinct challenge.(More)
—Aptamer beacons are DNA or RNA probes that bind proteins or small molecules of interest and emit signal directly upon interaction with the target analyte. This paper describes micropatterning of aptamer beacons for detection of IFN-c—an important inflammatory cytokine. The beacon consisted of a fluorophore-labeled aptamer strand hybridized with a shorter,(More)
A testing alignment structure comprising micro pillars of 250µm in diameter on substrate plugging into a stereomask with micro holes of 300µm in diameter. The vernier structures indicate the misalignment in both horizontal and vertical directions is within 10µm. The scale bar shows 300µm.
The visual detection of specific double-stranded DNA sequences possesses great potential for the development of diagnostics. Zinc finger domains provide a powerful scaffold for creating custom DNA-binding proteins that recognize specific DNA sequences. We previously demonstrated sequence-enabled reassembly of TEM-1 β-lactamase (SEER-LAC), a system(More)