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The electrostatic assembly of nanocomposite thin films consisting of alternating layers of an organometallic redox polymer (RP) and oxidoreductase enzymes, glucose oxidase (GOX), lactate oxidase (LOX) and pyruvate oxidase (PYX), was investigated. Multilayer nanostructures were fabricated on gold surfaces by the deposition of an anionic self-assembled(More)
The applications of biosensors range from environmental testing and biowarfare agent detection to clinical testing and cell analysis. In recent years, biosensors have become increasingly prevalent in clinical testing and point-of-care testing. This is driven in part by the desire to decrease the cost of health care, to shift some of the analytical tests(More)
Biosensors are of great significance because of their capability to resolve a potentially large number of analytical problems and challenges in very diverse areas such as defense, homeland security, agriculture and food safety, environmental monitoring, medicine, pharmacology, industry, etc. The expanding role of biosensing in society and a real-world(More)
The development of integrated microsystems capable of interrogation, characterization and sorting of mammalian cells is highly significant for further advancement of point-of-care diagnostics and drug discovery fields. The present study sought to design a novel strategy for releasing antibody-bound cells through electrochemical disruption of the underlying(More)
The visual detection of specific double-stranded DNA sequences possesses great potential for the development of diagnostics. Zinc finger domains provide a powerful scaffold for creating custom DNA-binding proteins that recognize specific DNA sequences. We previously demonstrated sequence-enabled reassembly of TEM-1 β-lactamase (SEER-LAC), a system(More)
—Aptamer beacons are DNA or RNA probes that bind proteins or small molecules of interest and emit signal directly upon interaction with the target analyte. This paper describes micropatterning of aptamer beacons for detection of IFN-c—an important inflammatory cytokine. The beacon consisted of a fluorophore-labeled aptamer strand hybridized with a shorter,(More)
In this paper, we report on the effect of patterned non-adhesive hydrogel nanosurfaces on the self-assembly of highly ordered colloids. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) hydrogel is employed as the substrate material in the study, for its desired non-adhesive property, and biocompatibility as well as photopatternability. Ultrafine PEG features are photopatterned(More)
Glucose, lactate, and pyruvate sensor arrays were fabricated by depositing electrostatically complexed monolayers on lithographically patterned, individually addressable, gold microelectrodes. Standard photolithographic techniques combined with metal deposition were used to fabricate gold arrays on both SiO 2 /Si and ¯exible Mylar substrates. These gold(More)
Cytokine secretion by leukocytes is an important indicator of immune response to pathogens and therefore has significant implications in disease diagnostics. Given heterogeneity of leukocyte subsets and the ability of multiple cell subsets to secrete the same cytokines, connecting cytokine production to a specific leukocyte subset is a distinct challenge.(More)
BACKGROUND Alcohol insult triggers complex events in the liver, promoting fibrogenic/inflammatory signals and in more advanced cases, aberrant matrix deposition. It is well accepted that the regenerative capacity of the adult liver is impaired during alcohol injury. The liver progenitor/stem cells have been shown to play an important role in liver(More)