Engineering robust protein production and purification of correctly folded biotherapeutic proteins in cell-based systems is often challenging due to the requirements for maintaining complex cellular networks for cell viability and the need to develop associated downstream processes that reproducibly yield biopharmaceutical products with high product… (More)
Nanoporous molecular frameworks are important in applications such as separation, storage and catalysis. Empirical rules exist for their assembly but it is still challenging to place and segregate functionality in three-dimensional porous solids in a predictable way. Indeed, recent studies of mixed crystalline frameworks suggest a preference for the… (More)
Antibody drug conjugates (ADCs) have progressed from hypothesis to approved therapeutics in less than 30 years, and the technologies available to modify both the antibodies and the cytotoxic drugs are expanding rapidly. For reasons well reviewed previously, the field is trending strongly toward homogeneous, defined antibody conjugation. In this review we… (More)
Bispecific antibodies have emerged in recent years as a promising field of research for therapies in oncology, inflammable diseases, and infectious diseases. Their capability of dual target recognition allows for novel therapeutic hypothesis to be tested, where traditional mono-specific antibodies would lack the needed mode of target engagement. Among… (More)
Cell-free protein synthesis (CFPS) systems allow for robust protein expression with easy manipulation of conditions to improve protein yield and folding. Recent technological developments have significantly increased the productivity and reduced the operating costs of CFPS systems, such that they can compete with conventional in vivo protein production… (More)
The solvothermal reactions of Ti(OEt)(4) with LnCl(3) (Ln = La, Ce) produced new Ti(28) Ln cages, in which the Ln(3+) ions are coordinated within a metallocrown arrangement, which represents the highest nuclearity cages of this type (see figure).
The synthesis of dimethylzinc (Me 2 Zn) and diethylzinc (Et 2 Zn) by Frankland in the mid-nineteenth century marks a cornerstone in the history of chemistry.  Not only were they among the first organometallic compounds, but studies on their chemical reactions and vapor densities led to the first clear exposition of valency theory.  Since then both… (More)