Alexander R. Moise

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Absorption of a photon by an opsin pigment causes isomerization of the chromophore from 11-cis-retinaldehyde to all-trans-retinaldehyde. Regeneration of visual chromophore following light exposure is dependent on an enzyme pathway called the retinoid or visual cycle. Our understanding of this pathway has been greatly facilitated by the identification of(More)
Lecithin-retinol acyltransferase (LRAT), an enzyme present mainly in the retinal pigmented epithelial cells and liver, converts all-trans-retinol into all-trans-retinyl esters. In the retinal pigmented epithelium, LRAT plays a key role in the retinoid cycle, a two-cell recycling system that replenishes the 11-cis-retinal chromophore of rhodopsin and cone(More)
Oxidation of retinol via retinaldehyde results in the formation of the essential morphogen all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA). Previous studies have identified critical roles in the regulation of embryonic ATRA levels for retinol, retinaldehyde, and ATRA-oxidizing enzymes; however, the contribution of retinaldehyde reductases to ATRA metabolism is not(More)
Through its various metabolites, vitamin A controls essential physiological functions. Both naturally occurring metabolites and novel retinoid analogues have shown effectiveness in many clinical settings that include skin diseases and cancer, and in animal models of human conditions affecting vision. In this review, we analyze several potential(More)
The uptake of dietary lipids from the small intestine is a complex process that depends on the activities of specific membrane receptors with yet unknown regulatory mechanisms. Using both mouse models and human cell lines, we show here that intestinal lipid absorption by the scavenger receptor class B type 1 (SR-BI) is subject to control by retinoid(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken to assess the role of p97 (also known as melanotransferrin) in the transfer of iron into the brain, because the passage of most large molecules is limited by the presence of the blood-brain barrier, including that of the serum iron transporter transferrin. METHODS To study the function of the soluble form of p97, we(More)
PURPOSE Tpn is a member of the MHC class I loading complex and functions to bridge the TAP peptide transporter to MHC class I molecules. Metastatic human carcinomas often express low levels of the antigen-processing components Tapasin and TAP and display few functional surface MHC class I molecules. As a result, carcinomas are unrecognizable by effector(More)
Alexander R. Moise,*,† Salim Al-Babili,‡ and Eleanore T. Wurtzel †Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, 66045 United States ‡BESE Division, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Department of Biological Sciences, Lehman College, The City(More)
In vertebrate retinal photoreceptors, photoisomerization of opsin-bound visual chromophore 11-cis-retinal to all-trans-retinal triggers phototransduction events. Regeneration of the chromophore is a critical step in restoring photoreceptors to their dark-adapted state. This regeneration process, called the retinoid cycle, takes place in the photoreceptor(More)
The uptake of dietary lipids from the small intestine is a complex process that depends on the activities of specific membrane receptors with yet unknown regulatory mechanisms. Using both mouse models and human cell lines, we show here that intestinal lipid absorption by the scavenger receptor class B type 1 (SR-BI) is subject to control by retinoid(More)