Alexander R. Judkins

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Medulloblastoma (MB) is the most common malignant brain tumor of children. To identify the genetic alterations in this tumor type, we searched for copy number alterations using high-density microarrays and sequenced all known protein-coding genes and microRNA genes using Sanger sequencing in a set of 22 MBs. We found that, on average, each tumor had 11 gene(More)
Reducing body myopathy (RBM) is a rare disorder causing progressive muscular weakness characterized by aggresome-like inclusions in the myofibrils. Identification of genes responsible for RBM by traditional genetic approaches has been impossible due to the frequently sporadic occurrence in affected patients and small family sizes. As an alternative approach(More)
In the present study, DNA from 28 pediatric low-grade astrocytomas was analyzed using Illumina HumanHap550K single-nucleotide polymorphism oligonucleotide arrays. A novel duplication in chromosome band 7q34 was identified in 17 of 22 juvenile pilocytic astrocytomas and three of six fibrillary astrocytomas. The 7q34 duplication spans 2.6 Mb of genomic(More)
Ependymoblastoma is a diagnostic label that has been applied to a variety of rare central nervous system (CNS) tumors over the last eight decades. Consequently, there is uncertainty about whether such an entity exists and what its characteristic features might be. The current study, based on 14 cases from our institutional archives and identified by the(More)
Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (AT/RTs) are rare, malignant brain tumors that usually occur in the posterior fossa. Both AT/RT and the analogous tumor outside the brain, malignant rhabdoid tumor, share a polyphenotypic immunoprofile and frequent 22q deletions with inactivation of the IN11/hSNF5 gene. Reports, so far, indicate that AT/RTs occur almost(More)
BACKGROUND Germline mutations and deletions of SMARCB1/INI1 in chromosome band 22q11.2 predispose patients to rhabdoid tumor and schwannomatosis. Previous estimates suggested that 15-20% of rhabdoid tumors were caused by an underlying germline abnormality of SMARCB1. However, these studies were limited by case selection and an inability to detect intragenic(More)
Rhabdoid cells are encountered in specific entities, such as malignant rhabdoid tumor and atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor, as well as in composite rhabdoid tumors derived secondarily from other tumor types. Although rhabdoid tumors are uniformly aggressive, distinction of the entity from the phenotype remains important for its therapeutic implications. The(More)
PURPOSE Although rare overall, marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (MZBCL) is the most common primary low-grade CNS lymphoma reported in the literature. The aim of this study is to elucidate the biology and genetic features of this unusual tumor. PATIENTS AND METHODS Fifteen CNS MZBCLs were studied clinically, pathologically, and genetically, including(More)
Histone acetylation plays important roles in gene regulation, DNA replication, and the response to DNA damage, and it is frequently deregulated in tumors. We postulated that tumor cell histone acetylation levels are determined in part by changes in acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA) availability mediated by oncogenic metabolic reprogramming. Here, we(More)
Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) may be misdiagnosed as primitive neuroectodermal tumor/medulloblastoma (PNET) and occasionally as other tumors. Molecular genetic analysis of AT/RT demonstrates deletion and mutation of the hSNF5/INI1 gene in most cases, with decreased or absent expression at the RNA or protein level. Immunohistochemistry with an(More)