Alexander R. Johnston

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We have used site-directed mutagenesis of amino acids located within the S1 and S2 ligand binding domains of the NR2A N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subunit to explore the nature of ligand binding. Wild-type or mutated NR1/NR2A NMDA receptors were expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes and studied using two electrode voltage clamp. We investigated the(More)
The addition of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Escherichia coli 0111:B4 or Salmonella minnesota R595 to plasma (or serum) resulted in a marked reduction of the hydrated buoyant density of the parent LPS (0111:B4 [d = 1.44 g/cm3] and R595 [d = 1.38 g/cm3]), to d less than 1.2 g/cm3. This reduction in buoyant density to less than 1.2 g/cm3 of the LPS(More)
The structure of Hageman factor, isolated from human plasma, was analyzed before and after enzymatic activation. The purified molecule is a single polypeptide chain of 80,000 molecular weight (mol wt) sedimenting at 4.5S. An amino acid analysis has been performed. The concentration of Hageman factor in normal human plasma was found to be 29 mug/ml with(More)
The addition of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Salmonella minnesota R595 to rabbit plasma results in a marked reduction of the hydrated buoyant density of the parent R595 LPS, from 1.38 to less than 1.2 g/cm3. Using immunopurified anti-R595 LPS antibody covalently linked to Sepharose 4B, we were able to separate the altered R595 LPS (d less than(More)
The postnatal maturation of medial vestibular nucleus (MVN) neurones was examined in slices of the dorsal brainstem prepared from balb/c mice at specific stages during the first postnatal month. Using spike-shape averaging to analyse the intracellularly recorded action potentials and after-hyperpolarisations (AHPs) in each cell, all the MVN neurones(More)
The spontaneous discharge of 48 medial vestibular nucleus (MVN) neurones was recorded extracellularly in horizontal slices of the rat brainstem in vitro. The mean tonic rate of discharge was 17.1±8.2 imp/s, similar to that observed by others in transverse (coronal) slices of the rat and guinea pig MVN. The tonic rate of discharge of individual MVN cells(More)
We have examined the function of a conserved serine residue (Ser670) in the S2 ligand-binding region of the NR2A N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subunit, using recombinant NR1/NR2A receptors expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Mutation of Ser670 to glycine (S670G) in NR2A reduced the potency of glutamate by 124-fold. Single-channel conductance and the(More)
NR1/NR2D NMDA receptors display unusually slow deactivation kinetics which may be critical for their role as extrasynaptic receptors. A threonine to alanine point mutation has been inserted at amino acid position 692 of the NR2D subunit (T692A). Recombinant NR1a/NR2D(T692A) NMDA receptors have been expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes and their(More)
Rabbit prekallikrein (RPK) was purified from rabbit plasma by ion exchange and lectin column chromatography and preparative polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. A 1500-fold purification was routinely achieved with a final yield of 5-10%. The purified RPK was found to be a glycoprotein with an apparent molecular weight of 88,000. Activation of RPK with either(More)