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  • A. Rösch
  • 2006
An abstract linear-quadratic optimal control problem with pointwise control constraints is investigated. This paper is concerned with the discretization of the control by piecewise linear functions. Under the assumption that the optimal control and the optimal adjoint state are Lipschitz continuous and piecewise of class C 2 an approximation of order h 3/2(More)
Melanomas are highly heterogeneous tumors, but the biological significance of their different subpopulations is not clear. Using the H3K4 demethylase JARID1B (KDM5B/PLU-1/RBP2-H1) as a biomarker, we have characterized a small subpopulation of slow-cycling melanoma cells that cycle with doubling times of >4 weeks within the rapidly proliferating main(More)
Despite success with BRAFV600E inhibitors, therapeutic responses in patients with metastatic melanoma are short-lived because of the acquisition of drug resistance. We identified a mechanism of intrinsic multidrug resistance based on the survival of a tumor cell subpopulation. Treatment with various drugs, including cisplatin and vemurafenib, uniformly(More)
We report cloning and characterization of FCRL2, a novel human gene that belongs to the FcR family. The gene is closely linked and structurally similar to the recently identified FCRL/FREB/FcRX gene. The encoded protein is composed of three Ig-like domains and a C-terminal mucin-like domain containing a conserved alpha-helical motif with dileucine signals.(More)
Mutation, absence or abnormal functioning of retinoblastoma protein are fundamental elements of uncontrolled growth in human cancer. In this study, we analyze the expression of retinoblastoma protein and phosphorylated retinoblastoma protein in melanocytic tumors in vivo. Real-time RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry (tissue microarrays and conventional(More)
Sentinel lymph node (SLN) excision is included in various cancer guidelines to identify microscopic metastatic disease. Although effective, SLN excision is an invasive procedure requiring radioactive tracing. Novel imaging approaches assessing SLN metastatic status could improve or replace conventional lymph node excision protocols. In our first-in-human(More)
Spontaneous melanoma phenotype switching is controlled by unknown environmental factors and may determine melanoma outcome and responsiveness to anticancer therapy. We show that Orai1 and STIM2 are highly expressed and control store-operated Ca(2+) entry in human melanoma. Lower extracellular Ca(2+) or silencing of Orai1/STIM2 caused a decrease in(More)
Malignant melanoma contributes the majority of skin cancer related deaths and shows an increasing incidence in the past years. Despite all efforts of early diagnosis, metastatic melanoma still has a poor prognosis and remains a challenge for treating physicians. In recent years, improved knowledge of the pathophysiology and a better understanding of the(More)
Numerous comorbidities and cofactors have been known to influence wound healing processes. In this multicentre study, clinical data of 1 000 patients with chronic leg ulcers from ten specialised dermatological wound care centers were analysed. The patient cohort comprised 567 females and 433 males with an average age of 69·9 years. The wounds persisted on(More)