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The liver is believed to promote tolerance, which may be beneficial due to its constant exposure to foreign Ags from the portal circulation. Although dendritic cells (DCs) are critical mediators of immune responses, little is known about human liver DCs. We compared freshly purified liver DCs from surgical specimens with autologous blood DCs. Liver and(More)
UNLABELLED The liver harbors a diversity of cell types that have been reported to stimulate T cells. Although most hepatic dendritic cells are immature, a small population of CD11c(high) conventional dendritic cells (cDCs) exists that expresses high levels of costimulatory molecules. We sought to determine the relative contribution of cDCs to(More)
The physiological burden created by heat strain and physical exercise, also called thermal-work strain, was quantified for 10 male Marines (age 21.9 ± 2.3 years, height 180.3 ± 5.2 cm, and weight 85.2 ± 10.8 kg) during three dismounted missions in Helmand Province, Afghanistan. Heart rate (HR) and core body temperature (T core) were recorded every 15(More)
Accelerometers, whether in smart phones or wearable physiological monitoring systems are becoming widely used to identify movement and activities of free living individuals. Although there has been much work in applying computationally intensive methods to this problem, this paper focuses on developing a real-time gait analysis approach that is intuitive,(More)
This experiment demonstrated that automated pace guidance generated from real-time physiological monitoring allowed less stressful completion of a timed (60 minute limit) 5 mile treadmill exercise. An optimal pacing policy was estimated from a Markov decision process that balanced the goals of the movement task and the thermal-work strain safety(More)
This study examined whether normobaric hypoxia (NH) treatment is more efficacious for sustaining high altitude (HA) acclimatization during re-introduction to altitude (RA) than no treatment at all. Seventeen sea level (SL) residents (age=23±6yrs; mean±SE) completed in the following order: 1)4d of SL testing, 2)12d of high altitude (HA) acclimatization at(More)
Safe performance limits of soldiers and athletes have typically relied on predictive work-rest models of ambient conditions, average work intensity, and characteristics of the population. Bioengineering advances in noninvasive sensor technologies including miniaturization, reduced cost, power requirements, and comfort now make it possible to produce(More)
Metabolic energy expenditure is a physiological measure of importance to multiple scientific fields including nutrition, athletic performance, and thermoregulatory modeling. However, measuring metabolic rate in non-laboratory settings is difficult due to the restrictions imposed by laboratory grade measurement methods. The use of probabilistic graphical(More)
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