Alexander P. Gokin

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The muscle and epithelial tissues of the gallbladder are regulated by a ganglionated plexus that lies within the wall of the organ. Although these ganglia are derived from the same set of precursor neural crest cells that colonize the gut, they exhibit structural, neurochemical and physiological characteristics that are distinct from the myenteric and(More)
Recent anatomic results indicate that a large direct projection from the spinal cord to the hypothalamus exists in monkeys. The aim of this study was to determine whether the existence of this projection could be confirmed unambiguously using electrophysiological methods and, if so, to determine the response characteristics of primate spinohypothalamic(More)
Neurobehavioral and neurophysiological actions of the peptide endothelin-1 (ET-1) were investigated after subcutaneous plantar hindpaw injections in adult male Sprague Dawley rats. Hindpaw flinching developed within minutes after ET-1 (8-16 nmol) injection, peaked at 30 min, lasted for 60 min, and was strongly inhibited by the endothelin-A (ET(A)) receptor(More)
We showed previously that subcutaneous injection of the injury-associated peptide mediator endothelin-1 (ET-1) into the rat plantar hindpaw produces pain behavior and selective excitation of nociceptors, both through activation of ET(A) receptors likely on nociceptive terminals. The potential role of ET(B) receptor activation in these actions of ET-1-has(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that all guinea pig gallbladder neurons receive nicotinic synaptic input and that cholecystokinin (CCK) and norepinephrine have presynaptic facilitory and inhibitory effects, respectively, on these fast synaptic events. The current study was undertaken to determine the sources of the cholinergic terminals that provide(More)
BACKGROUND Controversy still surrounds the differential susceptibility of nerve fibers to local anesthetics and its relation to selective functional deficits. In the current study we report features of conduction blockade in different classes of rat sciatic nerve fibers after injection of lidocaine by a percutaneous procedure that closely resembles clinical(More)
AMPA receptors lacking the GluA2 subunit allow a significant influx of Ca(2+) ions. Although Ca(2+)-permeable AMPA receptors are a familiar feature at early stages of development, the functional significance of these receptors during the maturation of the nervous system remains to be established. Chicken lumbar motoneurons express Ca(2+)-permeable AMPA(More)
Visceral projection (gallbladder distension) to the gigantocellular nucleus of the reticular formation of the cat was tested in neurons classified as pain (P), nonpain-pain (NP-P) and nonpain (NP) units, according to their responses to noxious and/or innocuous natural stimuli from the somatic areas. 96% of P neurons (23 out of 24) responded to gallbladder(More)
BACKGROUND In the adult nervous system, GABA acts as a major inhibitory neurotransmitter; however, at early stages of neurodevelopment, GABA receptor activation leads to membrane depolarization and accumulation of [Ca2+]i. The role of excitatory GABAergic neurotransmission in the development of the nervous system is not fully understood. In this study, we(More)