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A murine monoclonal antibody raised against hamster spermatozoa was found to cross-react with human spermatozoa. By immunofluorescence, the antigen was visualized over the equatorial segment of human sperm heads. In the presence of antibody, sperm binding to the zona pellucida of salt-stored human oocytes was significantly inhibited (P less than or equal to(More)
BACKGROUND Connexins are a widespread family of membrane proteins that assemble into hexameric hemichannels, also known as connexons. Connexons regulate membrane permeability in individual cells or couple between adjacent cells to form gap junctions and thereby provide a pathway for regulated intercellular communication. We have examined the role of(More)
OBJECTIVE Ibrutinib is an irreversible Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor approved for treatment of Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and mantle cell lymphoma that increases the risk of bleeding among patients. Platelets from ibrutinib-treated patients exhibit deficiencies in collagen-evoked signaling in suspension; however, the(More)
A monoclonal antibody generated against hamster epididymal spermatozoa and recognizing an antigen within the acrosome was used in conjunction with FITC-antimouse immunoglobulin as a marker of the human acrosome during sperm development, capacitation, and the acrosome reaction. The specificity of binding of the monoclonal antibody was assessed using(More)
OBJECTIVE Platelets have been found to express intracellular nuclear receptors including the retinoid X receptors (RXRα and RXRβ). Treatment of platelets with ligands of RXR has been shown to inhibit platelet responses to ADP and thromboxane A2; however, the effects on responses to other platelet agonists and the underlying mechanism have not been fully(More)
OBJECTIVES The liver X receptors (LXRs) and farnesoid X receptor (FXR) have been identified in human platelets. Ligands of these receptors have been shown to have nongenomic inhibitory effects on platelet activation by platelet agonists. This, however, seems contradictory with the platelet hyper-reactivity that is associated with several pathological(More)
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