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Cytoplasmic Na+ and Ca2+ regulate the activity of Na+-Ca2+ exchange proteins, in addition to serving as the transported ions, and protein regions involved in these processes have been identified for the canine cardiac Na+-Ca2+ exchanger, NCX1.1. Although protein regions associated with Na+i- and Ca2+i-dependent regulation are highly conserved among cloned(More)
Recent evidence indicates that endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have an important role in the process of repair following vascular injury, and that platelets mediate their recruitment to sites of injury. Platelets and EPCs can interact and bind directly. However, there is limited information on the effect of platelets on EPC function following this(More)
The Na+/Ca2+ exchanger plays a prominent role in regulating intracellular Ca2+ levels in cardiac myocytes and can serve as both a Ca2+ influx and efflux pathway. A novel inhibitor, KB-R7943, has been reported to selectively inhibit the reverse mode (i.e., Ca2+ entry) of Na+/Ca2+ exchange transport, although many aspects of its inhibitory properties remain(More)
Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchangers (NCX) constitute a major Ca(2+) export system that facilitates the re-establishment of cytosolic Ca(2+) levels in many tissues. Ca(2+) interactions at its Ca(2+) binding domains (CBD1 and CBD2) are essential for the allosteric regulation of Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange activity. The structure of the Ca(2+)-bound form of CBD1, the primary(More)
Members of the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) family are important regulators of cytosolic Ca2+ in myriad tissues and are highly conserved across a wide range of species. Three distinct NCX genes and numerous splice variants exist in mammals, many of which have been characterized in a variety of heterologous expression systems. Recently, however, we discovered a(More)
The electrophysiological effects of the benzothiazepine 7-chloro-3,5-dihydro-5-phenyl-1H-4,1-benzothiazepine-2-one (CGP-37157) (CGP) were investigated on the canine (NCX1.1) and Drosophila (CALX1.1) plasmalemmal Na+-Ca2+ exchangers. These exchangers were selected for study because they show opposite responses to cytoplasmic regulatory Ca2+, thereby allowing(More)
Ion transport and regulation of Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchange were examined for two alternatively spliced isoforms of the canine cardiac Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchanger, NCX1.1, to assess the role(s) of the mutually exclusive A and B exons. The exchangers examined, NCX1.3 and NCX1.4, are commonly referred to as the kidney and brain splice variants and differ only in the(More)
The cardiac Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) in trout exhibits profoundly lower temperature sensitivity in comparison to the mammalian NCX. In this study, we attempt to characterize the regions of the NCX molecule that are responsible for its temperature sensitivity. Chimeric NCX molecules were constructed using wild-type trout and canine NCX cDNA and expressed(More)
SEA0400 (2-[4-[(2,5-difluorophenyl)methoxy]phenoxy]-5-ethoxyaniline) has recently been described as a potent and selective inhibitor of Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchange in cardiac, neuronal, and renal preparations. The inhibitory effects of SEA0400 were investigated on the cloned cardiac Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchanger, NCX1.1, expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes to gain(More)