Alexander Omelchenko

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Cytoplasmic Na+ and Ca2+ regulate the activity of Na+-Ca2+ exchange proteins, in addition to serving as the transported ions, and protein regions involved in these processes have been identified for the canine cardiac Na+-Ca2+ exchanger, NCX1.1. Although protein regions associated with Na+i- and Ca2+i-dependent regulation are highly conserved among cloned(More)
The Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger gene NCX1 undergoes alternative splicing leading to several isoforms that differ in a small portion of the large cytoplasmic loop. This loop is involved in many regulatory processes of NCX1, including ionic regulation by the transported substrates Na(+) and Ca(2+). High intracellular Ca(2+) can alleviate intracellular(More)
SEA0400 (SEA) blocks cardiac and neuronal Na+-Ca2+ exchange with the highest affinity of any known inhibitor, yet very little is known about its molecular mechanism of action. Previous data from our lab suggested that SEA stabilizes or modulates the transition of NCX1.1 exchangers into a Na+i-dependent (I1) inactive state. To test this hypothesis, we(More)
Ion transport and regulation of Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchange were examined for two alternatively spliced isoforms of the canine cardiac Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchanger, NCX1.1, to assess the role(s) of the mutually exclusive A and B exons. The exchangers examined, NCX1.3 and NCX1.4, are commonly referred to as the kidney and brain splice variants and differ only in the(More)
Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchangers (NCX) constitute a major Ca(2+) export system that facilitates the re-establishment of cytosolic Ca(2+) levels in many tissues. Ca(2+) interactions at its Ca(2+) binding domains (CBD1 and CBD2) are essential for the allosteric regulation of Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange activity. The structure of the Ca(2+)-bound form of CBD1, the primary(More)
SEA0400 (2-[4-[(2,5-difluorophenyl)methoxy]phenoxy]-5-ethoxyaniline) has recently been described as a potent and selective inhibitor of Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchange in cardiac, neuronal, and renal preparations. The inhibitory effects of SEA0400 were investigated on the cloned cardiac Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchanger, NCX1.1, expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes to gain(More)
The cardiac Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX), an important regulator of cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration in contraction and relaxation, has been shown in trout heart sarcolemmal vesicles to have high activity at 7 degrees C relative to its mammalian isoform. This unique property is likely due to differences in protein structure. In this study, outward NCX(More)
Ion transport and regulation were studied in two, alternatively spliced isoforms of the Na 1 -Ca 2 1 exchanger from Drosophila melanogaster . These exchangers, designated CALX1.1 and CALX1.2, differ by five amino acids in a region where alternative splicing also occurs in the mammalian Na 1 -Ca 2 1 exchanger, NCX1. The CALX isoforms were expressed in(More)
The Na+/Ca2+ exchanger plays a prominent role in regulating intracellular Ca2+ levels in cardiac myocytes and can serve as both a Ca2+ influx and efflux pathway. A novel inhibitor, KB-R7943, has been reported to selectively inhibit the reverse mode (i.e., Ca2+ entry) of Na+/Ca2+ exchange transport, although many aspects of its inhibitory properties remain(More)
Na+/Ca2+ exchange is the primary mechanism mediating Ca2+ efflux from cardiac myocytes during diastole and, thus, can prominently influence contractile force. In addition to transporting Na+ and Ca2+, the exchanger is also regulated by these ions. Although structure-function studies have identified protein regions of the exchanger subserving these(More)