Alexander N. Dubeykovskiy

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While Wnt and Ras signaling pathways are activated during progression of colorectal cancers, many of their important downstream targets remain to be elucidated. The gastrin gene encodes for a family of peptide growth factors that are commonly upregulated in colorectal neoplasia. Previously, we showed that the Wnt signaling pathway moderately stimulates the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Interleukin (IL)-8 has an important role in initiating inflammation in humans, attracting immune cells such as neutrophils through their receptors CXCR1 and CXCR2. IL-8 has been proposed to contribute to chronic inflammation and cancer. However, mice do not have the IL-8 gene, so human cancer cell lines and xenograft studies have been used(More)
The transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and Wnt/wingless pathways play critical roles in the specification of cell fate during development and also contribute to cancer formation and progression. Whereas Wnt signaling is clearly pro-oncogenic, TGF-beta signaling is cell- and context-dependent, manifesting both inhibitory and proliferative effects.(More)
CD11b(+)Gr-1(+) myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) expand in the spleen during cancer and promote progression through suppression of cytotoxic T cells. An anti-inflammatory reflex arc involving the vagus nerve and memory T cells is necessary for resolution of acute inflammation. Failure of this neural circuit could promote procarcinogenic inflammation(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS—Interleukin (IL)-8 has an important role in initiating inflammation in humans, attracting immune cells such as neutrophils through their receptors CXCR1 and CXCR2. IL-8 has been proposed to contribute to chronic inflammation and cancer. However, mice do not have the IL-8 gene, so human cancer cell lines and xenograft studies have been used(More)
The unprocessed gastrin precursor, progastrin (PG), is often overexpressed in colon cancer and other malignancies where it appears to stimulate colonic growth. Overexpression of progastrin also stimulates proliferation of normal colonic mucosa, but the receptors mediating these effects have not been identified. Here we report the development of a(More)
Overexpression of human progastrin increases colonic mucosal proliferation and colorectal cancer progression in mice. The G-protein coupled receptor 56 (GPR56) is known to regulate cell adhesion, migration, proliferation and stem cell biology, but its expression in the gut has not been studied. We hypothesized that the promotion of colorectal cancer by(More)
Heterotrimeric G-proteins control diverse biological processes by conveying signals from seven-transmembrane receptors to intracellular effectors. Although their signaling roles were originally ascribed to their GTP-bound alpha-subunits, more recent evidence points to the equally active roles played by their betagamma-dimers. To elucidate the individual(More)
Transgenic mice overexpressing human progastrin (hGAS) show colonic crypt hyper-proliferation and elevated susceptibility to colon carcinogenesis. We aimed to investigate effects of p53 mutation on colon carcinogenesis in hGAS mice. We show that introducing a p53 gene mutation further increases progastrin dependent BrdU labeling and results in markedly(More)
The secreted trefoil factor family 2 (TFF2) protein contributes to the protection of the gastrointestinal mucosa from injury by strengthening and stabilizing mucin gels, stimulating epithelial restitution, and restraining the associated inflammation. Although trefoil factors have been shown to activate signaling pathways, no cell surface receptor has been(More)
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