Alexander Morgan Capron

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INTRODUCTION AND METHODS This report summarizes the results of the first phase in the development of international guidelines for death determination, focusing on the biology of death and the dying process, developed by an invitational forum of international content experts and representatives of a number of professional societies. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS(More)
All species of the genus Populus (poplar, aspen) are dioecious, suggesting an ancient origin of this trait. Despite some empirical counter examples, theory suggests that nonrecombining sex-linked regions should quickly spread, eventually becoming heteromorphic chromosomes. In contrast, we show using whole-genome scans that the sex-associated region in(More)
Foreword Throughout its turbulent recent history, the benefits have been scrutinized and discussed by experts in a wide and risks of biotechnology range of fields. Today, biotechnology is perhaps best viewed as a growing cohort of technologies, each with its own scientific benefits and risks, and allied social, economic, legal, and ethical opportunities and(More)
OBJECTIVE Death statutes permit physicians to declare death on the basis of irreversible cessation of circulatory-respiratory or brain functions. The growing practice of organ donation after circulatory determination of death now requires physicians to exercise greater specificity in circulatory-respiratory death determination. We studied(More)
The transplantation of human cells and tissues has become a global enterprise for both life-saving and life-enhancing purposes. Yet current practices raise numerous ethical and policy issues relating to informed consent for donation, profit-making, and quality and safety in the procurement, processing, distribution, and international circulation of human(More)
Foreword In the 1960s, the term " biotechnology " did not exist. In the 1970s, development of techniques for: 1) splicing genetic information of one organism into that of another, and 2) fusing cells to produce large quantities of valuable proteins led to recognition that a revolution in biological technology—that is, biotechnology—was at hand. In the(More)