Alexander Michael Dohnal

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The t(4;11)-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a rare disease in children above the age of 1 year. We studied the clinical and biological characteristics in 32 consecutively diagnosed childhood cases (median age 10.0 years, range 1.0-17.1 years). Immunophenotyping revealed a pro-B and a pre-B stage in 24 and eight cases, respectively. IGH genes(More)
The activation of innate immune cells triggers numerous intracellular signaling pathways, which require tight control to mount an adequate immune response. The PI3K signaling pathway is intricately involved in innate immunity, and its activation dampens the expression and release of proinflammatory cytokines in myeloid cells. These signaling processes are(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer vaccines employing DC in their capacity as APC have been tolerated well and have shown some efficacy in clinical studies. IL-12, a cytokine critical for type 1 T-helper (Th1) lymphocyte and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) differentiation, when released from a DC-based cancer vaccine, may support the generation of a cellular T-cell response.(More)
The TEL/AML1 fusion gene results from the most frequent t(12;21)(p13;q22) translocation in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Its contribution to transformation is largely unknown, in particular with respect to survival and apoptosis. We therefore silenced TEL/AML1 expression in leukemic REH cells by RNA inhibition, which eventually led to(More)
The potential immunogenicity of acute lymphoblastic leukemia of the T cell (T-ALL), a small subgroup of childhood leukemia with increased risk for treatment failure and early relapse, was addressed by serological identification of leukemia-derived antigens by recombinant expression cloning (SEREX). Thirteen antigens with homology to known genes that are(More)
Inflammation triggered by microbial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) through Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 in the presence of interferon (IFN)-gamma induces cytokine secretion in dendritic cells (DCs) tightly regulated by a defined differentiation program. This DC differentiation is characterized not only by a dynamic immune activating but also by tolerance-inducing(More)
Manufacturing procedures for cellular therapies are continuously improved with particular emphasis on product safety. We previously developed a dendritic cell (DC) cancer vaccine technology platform that uses clinical grade lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interferon (IFN)-y for the maturation of monocyte derived DCs. DCs are frozen after 6 hrs exposure at a(More)
In cancer patients undergoing immune therapy with lipopolysaccharides/interferon-gamma activated interleukin (IL)-12 secreting dendritic cells (DCs) we observed enhanced proliferative capacity of pyrophosphate-responsive peripheral blood (PB) gammadelta T-cells. This was not noted before as in other clinical trials DCs were used that were not enabled for(More)
The dendritic cell (DC) coordinates innate and adaptive immunity to fight infections and cancer. Our observations reveal that DCs exposed to the microbial danger signal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the presence of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) acquire a continuously changing activation/maturation phenotype. The DCs' initial mode of action is pro-inflammatory via(More)
With the objective of discovering novel tumor-associated antigens of the cancer/testis type, we compared the transcriptional profiles of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and non-tumorous kidney and further screened for genes expressed in RCC and testis, but not other normal tissues. In a first step, a representational difference analysis library consisting of(More)