Alexander Michael Dohnal

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BACKGROUND Cancer vaccines employing DC in their capacity as APC have been tolerated well and have shown some efficacy in clinical studies. IL-12, a cytokine critical for type 1 T-helper (Th1) lymphocyte and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) differentiation, when released from a DC-based cancer vaccine, may support the generation of a cellular T-cell response.(More)
Manufacturing procedures for cellular therapies are continuously improved with particular emphasis on product safety. We previously developed a dendritic cell (DC) cancer vaccine technology platform that uses clinical grade lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interferon (IFN)-y for the maturation of monocyte derived DCs. DCs are frozen after 6 hrs exposure at a(More)
The TEL/AML1 fusion gene results from the most frequent t(12;21)(p13;q22) translocation in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Its contribution to transformation is largely unknown, in particular with respect to survival and apoptosis. We therefore silenced TEL/AML1 expression in leukemic REH cells by RNA inhibition, which eventually led to(More)
Inflammation triggered by microbial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) through Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 in the presence of interferon (IFN)-gamma induces cytokine secretion in dendritic cells (DCs) tightly regulated by a defined differentiation program. This DC differentiation is characterized not only by a dynamic immune activating but also by tolerance-inducing(More)
The activation of innate immune cells triggers numerous intracellular signaling pathways, which require tight control to mount an adequate immune response. The PI3K signaling pathway is intricately involved in innate immunity, and its activation dampens the expression and release of proinflammatory cytokines in myeloid cells. These signaling processes are(More)
In cancer patients undergoing immune therapy with lipopolysaccharides/interferon-gamma activated interleukin (IL)-12 secreting dendritic cells (DCs) we observed enhanced proliferative capacity of pyrophosphate-responsive peripheral blood (PB) gammadelta T-cells. This was not noted before as in other clinical trials DCs were used that were not enabled for(More)
The t(4;11)-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a rare disease in children above the age of 1 year. We studied the clinical and biological characteristics in 32 consecutively diagnosed childhood cases (median age 10.0 years, range 1.0-17.1 years). Immunophenotyping revealed a pro-B and a pre-B stage in 24 and eight cases, respectively. IGH genes(More)
The dendritic cell (DC) coordinates innate and adaptive immunity to fight infections and cancer. Our observations reveal that DCs exposed to the microbial danger signal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the presence of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) acquire a continuously changing activation/maturation phenotype. The DCs' initial mode of action is pro-inflammatory via(More)
With the objective of discovering novel tumor-associated antigens of the cancer/testis type, we compared the transcriptional profiles of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and non-tumorous kidney and further screened for genes expressed in RCC and testis, but not other normal tissues. In a first step, a representational difference analysis library consisting of(More)
The PI3K signaling cascade in APCs has been recognized as an essential pathway to initiate, maintain, and resolve immune responses. In this study, we demonstrate that a cell type-specific loss of the PI3K antagonist phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) in myeloid cells renders APCs toward a regulatory phenotype. APCs deficient for PTEN exhibit reduced(More)