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When Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains emerged as agents of human disease, two types of toxin were identified: Shiga toxin type 1 (Stx1) (almost identical to Shiga toxin produced by Shigella dysenteriae type 1) and the immunologically distinct type 2 (Stx2). Subsequently, numerous STEC strains have been characterized that express toxins(More)
An ongoing outbreak of exceptionally virulent Shiga toxin (Stx)-producing Escherichia coli O104:H4 centered in Germany, has caused over 830 cases of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) and 46 deaths since May 2011. Serotype O104:H4, which has not been detected in animals, has rarely been associated with HUS in the past. To prospectively elucidate the unique(More)
BACKGROUND In an ongoing outbreak of haemolytic uraemic syndrome and bloody diarrhoea caused by a virulent Escherichia coli strain O104:H4 in Germany (with some cases elsewhere in Europe and North America), 810 cases of the syndrome and 39 deaths have occurred since the beginning of May, 2011. We analysed virulence profiles and relevant phenotypes of(More)
To establish an improved ribosomal gene sequence database as part of the Ribosomal Differentiation of Microorganisms (RIDOM) project and to overcome the drawbacks of phenotypic identification systems and publicly accessible sequence databases, both strands of the 5' end of the 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) of 81 type and reference strains comprising all validly(More)
Multilocus sequence typing of 169 non-O157 enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) isolated from patients with hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) demonstrated 29 different sequence types (STs); 78.1% of these strains clustered in 5 STs. From all STs and serotypes identified, we established a reference panel of EHEC associated with HUS (HUSEC collection).
Laboratory Strain. The entero-haemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) O157:H7 Sakai Japanese 1996 outbreak strain was grown as previously described. DNA was also extracted as described before. Aliquots of this DNA were shipped to academic partners having long-standing experience with their respective benchtop next-generation sequencing (NGS) platform. The strain Sakai(More)
Thirteen Escherichia coli strains harboring stx2e were isolated from 11,056 human stools. This frequency corresponded to the presence of the stx2e allele in 1.7% of all Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) strains. The strains harboring stx2e were associated with mild diarrhea (n = 9) or asymptomatic infections (n = 4). Because STEC isolates possessing(More)
Nonfermenting bacteria are ubiquitous environmental opportunists that cause infections in humans, especially compromised patients. Due to their limited biochemical reactivity and different morphotypes, misidentification by classical phenotypic means occurs frequently. Therefore, we evaluated the use of matrix-assisted laser desorption(More)
BACKGROUND Escherichia coli O157, of the H7 clone, exists in humans and in the environment as Shiga toxin (Stx)-positive and Stx-negative variants. Stx production by infecting organisms is considered to be a critical requirement for the development of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), which occurs in approximately 15% of E. coli O157-infected patients. It is(More)
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) originated from the health care setting but is now emerging in communities without health care contact (CA-MRSA) or in livestock (LA-MRSA). The impact on the whole MRSA population was assessed in a German prospective multicenter study. Thirty-three laboratories consecutively collected up to 50 MRSA isolates(More)