Alexander Meigal

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We present an advanced method for feature extraction and cluster analysis of surface electromyograms (EMG) and acceleration signals in Parkinson's disease (PD). In the method, 12 different EMG and acceleration signal features are extracted and used to form high-dimensional feature vectors. The dimensionality of these vectors is then reduced by using the(More)
A novel method for discrimination of dynamic muscle contractions between patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and healthy controls on the basis of surface electromyography (EMG) and acceleration measurements is presented. In this method, dynamic EMG and acceleration measurements are analyzed using nonlinear methods and wavelets. Ten parameters capturing(More)
The pre-clinical diagnostics is essential for management of Parkinson's disease (PD). Although PD has been studied intensively in the last decades, the pre-clinical indicators of that motor disorder have yet to be established. Several approaches were proposed but the definitive method is still lacking. Here we report on the non-linear characteristics of(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to cold impairs manual performance through effects on muscle tissue and control mechanisms. The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of increased muscle tone and shivering on ability to maintain required force during isometric flexion over a wide range of effort levels. METHODS Lightly clad male subjects (n = 6) were(More)
The aim of the investigation was to determine the effects of cold shivering on the accuracy of force output in distal, middle and proximal muscles of the upper limb. Test of hand grip strength, elbow flexion and shoulder flexion (each done at 10% maximal voluntary contraction for 15 s) were done under three conditions: (1) thermoneutral air (27 degrees C),(More)
In this paper, we examine the potential of electromyographic (EMG) and acceleration measurements in discriminating patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) from healthy persons. Two types of muscle contractions are examined: static contractions of biceps brachii muscles and elbow extension movements. Twelve features are extracted from static and ten features(More)
Here we describe GATO (gravity, age, thermoregulation, and oxygenation) hypothesis (or a "Baby Astronaut" hypothesis) which we suggest to explain synergistic effect of these factors on the motor system. Taken separately, microgravity (in spaceflight, G~0), the early age, heat and hypoxia exert identical effect on the motor system. We posit that synergy of(More)
The aim of the study was to compare a variety of surface EMG (sEMG) parameters in several groups of schizophrenia (SZ, n=69) patients and healthy controls (n=44). We computed spectral, mutual information (MI) based and recurrence quantification analysis (RQA) parameters of sEMG. The major finding is that sEMG of the controls had higher values of the(More)
The efficiency of six countermeasures (CM) for muscle atrophy was compared over 520 days of confinement during the terrestrial simulation of round space flight to Mars using surface electromyography (sEMG). Three of CM were cyclic exercises (a motor-driven and leg-driven treadmill, cycle ergometer), resistive exercises (the multifunctional dynamometer for(More)