Alexander McEwan

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UNLABELLED The study was performed to compare the (18)F-labeled nitroimidazole compound fluoroazomycin arabinoside ((18)F-FAZA) with the standard hypoxia tracer fluoromisonidazole ((18)F-FMISO) in detection of tumor tissue hypoxia and to verify the oxygenation dependency of (18)F-FAZA uptake. METHODS Biodistribution of (18)F-FAZA was studied at various(More)
PURPOSE A large proportion of the practice of radiotherapy in the management of metastatic adenocarcinoma of the prostate is associated with palliation of pain from osseous metastases and improving quality of life. Radiation therapy is well known to be effective in treating painful sites and may also be effective in reducing the propensity for adjuvantly(More)
The palliative efficacy of strontium-89 chloride has been evaluated in a prospective double-blind crossover study comparing it with stable strontium as placebo in 32 patients with prostate cancer metastatic to bone. Response was assessed 5 weeks after each treatment. 26 patients were evaluable. Complete pain relief was only reported following strontium-89(More)
In a multi-centre study strontium-89 was shown to be effective in relieving bone pain from prostatic carcinoma in patients who had failed conventional therapies. Of 83 patients assessed at 3 months, following the administration of a dose of at least 1.5 MBq/kg, 75% derived benefit and 22% became pain free. Symptomatic improvement usually occurred within 6(More)
Tumour hypoxia is thought to play a significant role in the outcome of solid tumour therapy. Positron emission tomography (PET) is the best-validated noninvasive technique able to demonstrate the presence of hypoxia in vivo. The locally developed PET tracer for imaging hypoxia, 1-α-d-(5-deoxy-5-[18F]-fluoroarabinofuranosyl)-2-nitroimidazole (18F-FAZA), has(More)
Two hundred and two patients with bone pain from metastatic cancer were treated with 40 microCi/kg of Sr-89. Patients were followed with pain diaries, records of medication taken, sleep patterns, serial bone scans and a Karnofsky Index. One hundred and thirty-seven patients with adequate followup survived at least 3 months, including 100 with prostate and(More)
Gold nanoparticles (GNPs) and modified GNPs having two kinds of functional molecules, cysteamine (AET) and thioglucose (Glu), are synthesized. Cell uptake and radiation cytotoxicity enhancement in a breast-cancer cell line (MCF-7) versus a nonmalignant breast-cell line (MCF-10A) are studied. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) results show that cancer(More)
A robust method is required to standardise objective reporting of diagnostic 123I-mIBG images in neuroblastoma. Prerequisites for an appropriate system are low inter- and intra-observer error and reproducibility across a broad disease spectrum. We present a new reporting method, developed and tested for SIOPEN by an international expert panel. Patterns of(More)
BACKGROUND Radiolabeled octreotide and metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) have demonstrated limited antitumor effect on neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs). The purpose of this study was to assess the palliative benefit of radionuclide therapy (RNT) in NENs. METHODS Since April 2001, RNT for progressive, nonsurgically resectable NENs was utilized. NENs that were(More)
We report measurements of absorbed dose to vertebral metastases in ten patients referred for 89Sr therapy for disseminated prostatic carcinoma. Patients received a tracer dose of 85Sr at the time of 89Sr treatment and metastatic strontium retention was monitored scintigraphically for 6 mo. Metastatic 85Sr activity corrected for tissue attenuation was(More)