Philipp Ströbel10
Eckhard Mandelkow7
Eva-Maria Mandelkow6
10Philipp Ströbel
7Eckhard Mandelkow
6Eva-Maria Mandelkow
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Protein kinases of the MARK family phosphorylate tau protein in its repeat domain and thereby regulate its affinity for microtubules and affect the aggregation of tau into Alzheimer paired helical filaments. We are searching for low molecular weight compounds to interfere with the activity of MARK and its pathways. Here we summarize structural features of(More)
  • Gizem A. Kaya, Ayse N. Coşkun, Vuslat Yılmaz, Piraye Oflazer, Yeşim Gülsen-Parman, Fikret Aysal +5 others
  • 2014
A functional single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the PTPN22 gene encoding a protein tyrosine phosphatase has been associated with autoimmune disorders including myasthenia gravis (MG). As the PTPN22 R620W polymorphism has a wide variation of allele frequencies among different populations, this polymorphism was investigated in MG in Turkey. An emphasis(More)
BACKGROUND Micro-CT imaging of liver disease in mice relies on high soft tissue contrast to detect small lesions like liver metastases. Purpose of this study was to characterize the localization and time course of contrast enhancement of a nanoparticular alkaline earth metal-based contrast agent (VISCOVER ExiTron nano) developed for small animal liver CT(More)
Almost 25 years of kinesin research have led to the accumulation of a large body of knowledge about this widespread superfamily of motor and nonmotor proteins present in all eukaryotic cells. This review covers developments in kinesin research with an emphasis on structural aspects obtained by X-ray crystallography and cryoelectron microscopy 3-D analysis(More)
The microtubule-associated protein (MAP)/microtubule affinity regulating kinase (MARK)/Par-1 phosphorylates microtubule-associated proteins tau, MAP2, and MAP4 and is involved in the regulation of microtubule-based transport. Par-1, a homologue of MARK in Drosophila and Caenorhabditis elegans, is essential for the development of embryonic polarity. Four(More)
The Ser/Thr kinase MARK2 phosphorylates tau protein at sites that cause detachment from microtubules in Alzheimer neurofibrillary degeneration. Homologs of MARK2 include Par-1 in C. elegans and Drosophila, which generates embryonic polarity. We report the X-ray structure of the catalytic and ubiquitin-associated domains (UBA) of human MARK2. The activity(More)
The insulin/insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signaling pathway to mTOR is essential for the survival and growth of normal cells and also contributes to the genesis and progression of cancer. This signaling pathway is linked with regulation of mitochondrial function, but how is incompletely understood. Here we show that IGF-I and insulin induce rapid(More)
The mechanisms that underlie the development and maintenance of autoimmunity in myasthenia gravis are poorly understood. In this investigation, we evaluate the role of survivin, a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein family, in humans and in two animal models. We identified survivin expression in cells with B lymphocyte and plasma cells markers, and(More)
Background. Pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis (PCH) is a rare disease, especially in infancy. Four infants have been reported up to the age of 12 months. So far, no familial patients are observed at this age. Patients. We report three siblings, two female newborns and a foetus of 15-week gestation of unrelated, healthy parents suffering from(More)
Long-haul transport along microtubules is crucial for neuronal polarity, and transport defects cause neurodegeneration. Tau protein stabilizes microtubule tracks, but in Alzheimer's disease it aggregates and becomes missorted into the somatodendritic compartment. Tau can inhibit axonal transport by obstructing motors on microtubules, yet tau itself can(More)