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The dimeric form of the kinesin motor and neck domain from rat brain with bound ADP has been solved by X-ray crystallography. The two heads of the dimer are connected via a coiled-coil alpha-helical interaction of their necks. They are broadly similar to one another; differences are most apparent in the head-neck junction and in a moderate reorientation of(More)
We have determined the X-ray structure of rat kinesin head and neck domains. The folding of the core motor domain resembles that of human kinesin reported recently [Kull, F. J., et al. (1996) Nature 380, 550-554]. Novel features of the structure include the N-terminal region, folded as a beta-strand, and the C-terminal transition from the motor to the rod(More)
Protein kinases of the MARK family phosphorylate tau protein in its repeat domain and thereby regulate its affinity for microtubules and affect the aggregation of tau into Alzheimer paired helical filaments. We are searching for low molecular weight compounds to interfere with the activity of MARK and its pathways. Here we summarize structural features of(More)
To gain insight into the pathogenesis of thymoma-associated myasthenia gravis, thymocyte maturation was investigated in mixed and cortical thymomas by three-color flow cytometry. Although we detected cells at all recognizable stages, we noted an unusual increased percentage of early CD4+/CD3- thymocytes--especially in mixed thymoma--and a pronounced(More)
Microtubules can adjust their length by the mechanism of dynamic instability, that is by switching between phases of growth and shrinkage. Thus far this phenomenon has been studied with microtubules that contain several components, that is, a mixture of tubulin isoforms, with or without a mixture of microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs), which can act as(More)
BACKGROUND Thymectomy has been a mainstay in the treatment of myasthenia gravis, but there is no conclusive evidence of its benefit. We conducted a multicenter, randomized trial comparing thymectomy plus prednisone with prednisone alone. METHODS We compared extended transsternal thymectomy plus alternate-day prednisone with alternate-day prednisone alone.(More)
Thymic neuroendocrine tumors (TNET) are rare primary epithelial neoplasms of the thymus. This study aimed to determine clinically relevant parameters for their classification and for therapeutic decisions. We performed a comprehensive histological, clinical, and genetic study of 73 TNET cases (13 thymic typical carcinoids [TTC], 40 thymic atypical(More)
BACKGROUND In 1999, a World Health Organization (WHO) committee published histologic criteria for distinct thymoma entities (labeled as Type A, AB, B1, B2, B3 thymomas) and for the heterogeneous group of thymic carcinomas, collectively called Type C thymomas. Whether WHO-defined histologic thymoma subtypes are of independent prognostic relevance has yet to(More)
We determined the crystal structure of the motor domain of the fast fungal kinesin from Neurospora crassa (NcKin). The structure has several unique features. (i) Loop 11 in the switch 2 region is ordered and enables one to describe the complete nucleotide-binding pocket, including three inter-switch salt bridges between switch 1 and 2. (ii) Loop 9 in the(More)