Alexander Marx

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The dimeric form of the kinesin motor and neck domain from rat brain with bound ADP has been solved by X-ray crystallography. The two heads of the dimer are connected via a coiled-coil alpha-helical interaction of their necks. They are broadly similar to one another; differences are most apparent in the head-neck junction and in a moderate reorientation of(More)
We have determined the X-ray structure of rat kinesin head and neck domains. The folding of the core motor domain resembles that of human kinesin reported recently [Kull, F. J., et al. (1996) Nature 380, 550-554]. Novel features of the structure include the N-terminal region, folded as a beta-strand, and the C-terminal transition from the motor to the rod(More)
Kinases of the MARK/Par-1 family of S/T protein kinases are regulators of diverse cellular processes in Caenorhabditis elegans, Drosophila, yeast, and mammalian cells. They are involved in nematode embryogenesis, epithelial cell polarization, cell signaling, and neuronal differentiation. MARK phosphorylates microtubule-associated proteins such as tau and is(More)
PURPOSE Thymic epithelial tumors (TET) are rare epithelial neoplasms of the thymus with considerable histologic heterogeneity. This retrospective study focused on the correlation of WHO-defined TET histotypes with survival and tumor recurrence in a large cohort of patients receiving different modes of treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS Two hundred(More)
Based on a study of 26 cases, the well-differentiated thymic carcinoma is described as a distinct organotypical carcinoma of the thymus with low-grade malignancy. It is characterized by a predominance of epithelial cells with usually low mitotic rate, an epidermoid differentiation with slight to moderate cytological atypia, the constant presence of(More)
The microtubule-associated protein tau is a natively unfolded protein in solution, yet it is able to polymerize into the ordered paired helical filaments (PHF) of Alzheimer's disease. In the splice isoforms lacking exon 10, this process is facilitated by the formation of beta-structure around the hexapeptide motif PHF6 ((306)VQIVYK(311)) encoded by exon 11.(More)
We determined the crystal structure of the motor domain of the fast fungal kinesin from Neurospora crassa (NcKin). The structure has several unique features. (i) Loop 11 in the switch 2 region is ordered and enables one to describe the complete nucleotide-binding pocket, including three inter-switch salt bridges between switch 1 and 2. (ii) Loop 9 in the(More)
Thymomas are thymic epithelial neoplasms, associated with a variety of autoimmune disorders (especially myasthenia gravis), that apparently result from aberrant intra-tumourous thymopoiesis and export of inefficiently tolerized T-cells to the periphery. The autoimmune regulator (AIRE) drives the expression of self-antigens in the thymic medulla and plays an(More)
The thymus plays distinct roles in the pathogenesis of the different Myasthenia gravis (MG) subtypes. Inflammatory, neoplastic and age-related alterations of the thymus are of pivotal relevance for the initiation of anti-acetylcholine receptor (AChR) autoimmunity in early onset MG, thymoma-associated MG and, likely, late onset MG, respectively. By contrast,(More)