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We introduce PHASE, a highly flexible system for common pharmacophore identification and assessment, 3D QSAR model development, and 3D database creation and searching. The primary workflows and tasks supported by PHASE are described, and details of the underlying scientific methodologies are provided. Using results from previously published investigations,(More)
By using molecular dynamics simulation technique we studied the changes occurring in membranes constructed of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) and cholesterol at 8:1 and 1:1 ratios. We tested two different initial arrangements of cholesterol molecules for a 1:1 ratio. The main difference between two initial structures is the average number of(More)
Bacteriorhodopsin is the smallest autonomous light-driven proton pump. Proposals as to how it achieves the directionality of its trans-membrane proton transport fall into two categories: accessibility-switch models in which proton transfer pathways in different parts of the molecule are opened and closed during the photocycle, and affinity-switch models,(More)
The structural and dynamical properties of a solvated proton in the influenza A virus M2 channel are studied using a molecular dynamics (MD) simulation technique. The second-generation multi-state empirical valence bond (MS-EVB2) model was used to describe the interaction between the excess proton and the channel environment. Solvation structures of the(More)
Five molecular dynamics computer simulations were performed on different phospholipid:sterol membrane systems in order to study the influence of sterol structure on membrane properties. Three of these simulated bilayer systems were composed of a 1:8 sterol:phospholipid ratio, each of which employed one of the sterol molecules: cholesterol, ergosterol, and(More)
The structural and dynamical properties of a hydrated proton near the surface of DMPC membrane were studied using a molecular dynamics simulation. The proton transport between water molecules was modeled using the second generation multistate empirical valence bond model. The proton diffusion was found to be inhibited at the membrane surface. The potential(More)
Phase-ordering dynamics in nematic liquid crystals has been the subject of much active investigation in recent years in theory, experiments, and simulations. With a rapid quench from the isotropic to nematic phase, a large number of topological defects are formed and dominate the subsequent equilibration process. Here we present the results of a molecular(More)
We performed molecular dynamics simulations on dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC)/dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) system that has the same lipid:solvent weight ratio as in our previous simulation done on DPPC/water. We did not observe a large change in the size of DPPC membrane when the solvent was changed from water to DMSO. Also, we did not observe that a(More)